& Seabird Newsletters - 1999
2006 | 2007 | 2008 )
DAVID GASKIN. 1939-1998
WHALE RECOVERY TEAM
OF ETHICS MEETING
& BIRD REHABILITATION
FRIENDS OF THE RESEARCH STATION
DAVID GASKIN. 1939-1998
We were shocked and saddened
on September 13, 1998 by the sudden death of our Executive Director, Dr.
David Gaskin. He is survived by his wife Maureen, two sons, their wives
and a granddaughter. Friends and colleagues celebrated his life at a memorial
service at the University of Guelph Arboretum on September 18.
David received an undergraduate degree in Zoology at the University of
Bristol in 1961. In 1962 he took a position as whale biologist for
the government of New Zealand. He completed his Ph.D. at Massey University
in New Zealand in 1965 and then served as a biologist for the FAO, studying
sei whales on Japanese whaling vessels in the Antarctic. In 1968,
he accepted a position as Assistant Professor at the Department of Zoology,
University of Guelph. David received full Profes-sorship and remained
at the University of Guelph for the remainder of his career, where he conducted
research and taught courses on marine ecology.
His research interests were
extremely varied, ranging from the feeding ecology of whales to the systematics
of crambid moths. In 1969, David began a long-term field program
studying the ecology of marine mammals and seabirds in the Bay of Fundy.
This program, which continues today, led to significant advances in our
under-standing of the ecology of upper trophic level predators in coastal
systems, and particularly of the harbour porpoise. David wrote several
monographs on whales, dolphins, porpoises and moths, including The Ecology
of Whales and Dolphins, published in 1982. He served on many committees
and working groups, including the Canadian Committee on Whales and Whaling,
and the Scientific Committee of the International Whaling Commission. David
was also a fellow of the Royal Entomological Society of London.
In 1981, David founded the
GMWSRS, which gained charitable status in 1983. The GMWSRS allowed
David to supplement research grants with charitable donations. Research
was centred on both Grand Manan and Deer Island. David and his students
worked for many years on Deer Island initially from rented locations and
later from a summer home and shore building he purchased. On Grand
Manan students worked from our present location beginning in 1982.
In 1986 a public space was opened in the Grand Manan house for visitors
to learn about our activities. The museum has grown over the years
to include many aspects of marine natural history of the Bay of Fundy and
a gift shop. A memorial display to David will be added for the upcoming
summer season. With the passing of David, the activities on Deer
Island will largely end, although his wife, Maureen has invited us to use
the facility at any time.
David was also instrumental
in developing the whale watching company "Ocean Search" which began operation
in 1981, in conjunction with two Grand Manan residents, Jim Leslie from
the Marathon Inn and Ivan Green. It was the first dedicated whale
watch company in the Bay of Fundy, specializing in endangered right whales,
and combined watching whales with education - "eco-tourism" before it had
a name. David imparted his vast knowledge and experience during whale watch
trips and in evening slide and lecture series. His ability to spot
whales was humbling. Although Ocean Search as a company no longer
exists, his public education efforts are continued by our managing director
and her whale watching connections.
David's marine mammal library
has been graciously donated to the GMWSRS by his wife Maureen. Most
of the collection is on loan to Dr. Andy Read at the Duke Marine lab where
it will be used by colleagues and students. Andy also has all the
data files and other literature related to research conducted over the
years by David and his students. David's New Brunswick moth collection
has been donated to the New Brunswick Museum. The remainder of his
extensive worldwide lepidoptera (moth and butterfly) collection will be
going to the Canadian Museum of Nature in Ottawa and perhaps the Smithsonian
Institute in Washington, DC. His lepidoptera books will be going
to the University of Guelph library, and reprints to the New Brunswick
honour of David's contribution to the teaching program at the University
of Guelph, the Department of Zoology will offer annually to an outstanding
undergraduate student the Gaskin Medal in Marine and Freshwater Biology.
A $500 cash award will accompany the medal. Those interested in contributing
to this award should send contributions, made payable to the University
of Guelph, to Dr. Paul Hebert c/o Department of Zoology, University of
Guelph, Guelph, ON, N1G 2W1.
Donations to continue his
work in the Bay of Fundy can also be made to The
David Gaskin Memorial Fund c/o Grand Manan Whale & Seabird Research
Station Inc. 24 Route 776, Grand Manan, NB, E0G 2M0. These funds will be
kept in an endowment for scholarship/internship programs for students who
wish to study marine biology. Preference will be for local students
who show a keen interest in marine biology and conservation, wish to continue
their education and require financial assistance.
PORPOISE RELEASE PROGRAM
Right whales, Eubalaena glacialis,
began arriving in early June and by mid June the numbers were 30-50 in
the Bay each day. Numbers remained high until mid August when the
distribution became more erratic and the whales were much harder to find.
Instead of feeding near the bottom during the day they were often filter
feeding near the surface and not lifting their tails to dive making them
much harder to find. Over 100 have been identified so far in the
Bay of Fundy from last summer. The last right whales were seen in
early November. Data and photographs are collected annually by Laurie while
acting as a whale watch naturalist with Grand Manan SeaLand Adventures.
The trips also allow Laurie to maintain an opportunistic data base of other
marine mammal, seabirds, basking sharks, etc.
Only six calves were born
in Florida/ Georgia waters; one was found dead. All of the mothers
were ones that do not use the Bay of Fundy in the summer as a nursery but
take their calves elsewhere. It seemed very strange not to see a
calf last summer. There were however, several calves from 1997 which
came back to the Bay.
An additional death occurred
in October 1998 on the Virginia - North Carolina Border. An adult
male died of unknown causes although vertebrae and the rostrum were broken.
In April a female named "Staccato" was stuck and killed off Cape Cod.
This is a untimely death since she is a known mother of at least six calves.
In Canada, Fundy Traffic Control has been warning ships of the presence
of right whales in the Bay of Fundy and a Right Whale Conservation Zone
has been designated for the Bay of Fundy and a portion of the Scotian Shelf
- off Nova Scotia.
In 1999 only three mother/calf
pairs have been sighted causing much concern. This is the lowest
number of calves ever recorded. It is hoped that more calves will
be found during the summer. To increase the concern a recent paper
by scientists from Massachusetts suggests that since 1994, as indicated
by photoidentification, right whale numbers are declining. Under current
conditions right whales in the North Atlantic are doomed to extinction;
an upper bound on the expected time to extinction is 191 years. It is essential
to the viability of this population to protect their critical habitat and
reduce deaths caused by fishery entanglements and collisions with vessel.
(Caswell, H., M. Fujiwara, and S. Brault. 1999. Declin-ing
survival probability threatens the North Atlantic right whale. Proceedings
of the National Academy of Sciences 96:3308-3313.)
Whale Recovery Team:
Our managing director, Laurie,
is one of twelve of the team, co-chaired by Fisheries and Oceans and World
Wildlife Fund. The team has specific mandates to develop a strategy
and appropriate recommendations for promoting the recovery of right whales
in the western North Atlantic, to a point at which the population is no
longer endangered. The Team has endeavoured to:
The Recovery Team first met
in October 1997 and the Recovery Plan was presented for consultation in
late February. An Implementation Team will be announced to attempt
to take action from the recommendations from the Recovery Plan.
Evaluate the current status
of the right whale population in the eastern North Atlantic
Identify known and potential
threats and limiting factors impeding population recover
Find ways of reducing or eliminating
those threats that are related to human activities
of Ethics Meeting:
A meeting was held at the
Grand Manan Museum in May for local operators to be updated on whale watch
issues and resign the Code of Ethics for the Bay of Fundy developed two
years ago. Most operators in the Bay of Fundy are signatories. The Code
was developed primarily for the protection of right whales but all species
benefit. The Code supplements the DFO whale watch guidelines. For
a copy of the Code, contact Laurie or refer to our web site.
In March of this year, another
meeting was held in Saint John to talk about future development of the
whale watching industry. Over 40 people from attended representing
whale watch operators, conservation groups, government agencies and the
media. It was decided to hold a workshop in Digby, NS, in October
1999 to discuss potential changes in Code of Ethics, DFO whale watch guidelines,
Transport Canada regulations and approaches to public education.
We were especially concerned
in July about the entrapment of two North Atlantic right whales in a herring
weir because of the whales highly endangered status. Several members
of the research team worked very closely with the weir fishermen for three
days to ensure that both of these whales were released unharmed.
Both individuals were subsequently identified from the New England Aquarium’s
photo-identification catalogue as NEA 1209, a mature female that was first
sighted in 1980, and NEA 1901, a nine-year old female. This entrapment
generated considerable media interest in both Canada and the United States
and several interviews were given by team members during this time describing
the situation. After several unsuccessful attempts to coax the whales
out through a small hole that was made by dropping a portion of the weir
net, the weir was partially dismantled providing a large opening through
which the whales could exit. After this larger opening was made,
both whales immediately left the weir. Both whales were re-sighted
later in August by the New England Aquarium’s research group and appeared
to be behaving normally. It is still unclear why these whales entered
the weir; presumably they were moving very close to shore when they encount-ered
the weir fence and this directed them into the weir itself. The entrap-ment
of right whales is very rare on Grand Manan but we demonstrated clearly
that if the correct procedure is followed it is possible to successfully
release these large animals unharmed.
In September, approximately
35 people from Nova Scotia, Deer Island, Grand Manan, Maine and Massachusetts
gathered at the Fundy Marine Service Centre on Grand Manan to introduce
the concept of a disentanglement team and discuss the possible formation
for the Bay. In January, DFO announced that they were contributing
$100,000 to the purchase of equipment caches for Grand Manan and Westport,
NS. Disentangling large whales is not an easy task; training will
be essential for the success of the program.
Fortunately, there were no
reported entanglements of right whales in fishing gear in the Bay this
summer except, for the two entrapped in the herring weir in July. Two right
whales were disentangled off Cape Cod. One was a six year old male
that has had five entanglements in its short life, two of these in the
span of a month. The whale was partially disen-tangled by the Center
for Coastal Studies team.
The George Cedric Metcalf
Charitable Foundation and the T.R. Meighen Foundation generously donated
money toward the purchase of boat and motor but unfortunately we could
only replace the motor and upgrade or replace some of our vessel safety
equipment. We still need a substantial sum before we can purchase a vessel
and trailer which will replace an aging speed boat used to check herring
weirs daily for the Harbour Porpoise Release Program, and as a second seine
boat when we are needed at more than one herring weir or when there are
numerous porpoises in one weir.
Basking sharks, Cetorhinus
maximus, a large filter feeding shark reaching lengths of 12m (40')
were frequently sighted last summer. On one day 51 were seen on a
whale watch trip and 90 were seen on an aerial survey by East Coast Ecosystems.
The sharks were seen filter feeding at the surface, swimming slowly with
their mouths open, often with right whales. Care needed to be taken
to avoid running into these large sharks.
Sei whales, Balaenoptera
borealis, were again seen in the Bay last summer, now regular
annual visitors. An ocean sunfish was also spotted.
On May 30 a small minke
whale, Balaenoptera acutorostrata, live stranded on Hay Island, south
of Grand Manan. A local family spotted the whale as the tide was
ebbing but were unable to assist. A stranding of a live cetacean is an
unusual occurrence here and may have been caused by the whale being trapped
in shallow water as the tide began to ebb preventing it from getting back
to deeper water.
& BIRD REHABILITATION:
Our managing director continued
to collect seabird census data during whale watching cruises. Laurie
sent tern and puffin positions to Dr. Tony Diamond, University of New Brunswick
and ACWERN. Laurie as-sisted a student of Dr. Diamond, Falk Huettmann,
conduct seabird surveys this winter. As part of his Ph.D. studies,
he is interested in many species including alcids and gulls. Most
bird watchers do not realize that Grand Manan is a wonderful spot to watch
alcids in the winter. We can have up to 10,000 razorbills and common
murres in January and February feeding off our shores.
We have included on our website
a list of "water" birds that can be seen around the Grand Manan archipelago.
A complete list of birds for the area is included on the Grand Manan Tourism
/ Chamber site http://personal.nbnet.nb.ca/gmtouris
BIRD OBSERVATORY (FBO):
With little funding in 1998,
bird banding operations were minimal. GMWSRS has offered to take
over the GMBO to give the organization charitable status - useful when
applying for funding, and also lend the GMBO our research and fund raising
reputation. The name of the observatory is changing to the Fundy
Bird Observatory , and will be part of the GMWSRS. If you wish to
make a donation directed to the FBO activities please check the appropriate
box on the remittance form (Fundy Bird Observatory). Activities are scheduled
to begin mid-March to monitor spring migration and again during mid-summer
for fall migration. We will be catching and banding small land birds
caught in mist nets from the grounds of the vacant lightkeeper's house
at the northern end of Grand Manan, locally known as the Whistle.
Counts of migrating seabird will also be undertaken. Check out our
web site for more information.
VISITORS: We had a huge increase
in the number of visitors - 9857 -from June to the first week of Oct-ober,
2205 more visitors than in 1997 or an increase of 22%. Our sales were 16%
higher than sales in 1997 and 11% higher than in 1996. These figures
could not have been realized without the assistance of our two full time
museum attend-ants, Kit and Jennifer, who kept our doors open 28% more
hours than in 1997. We were able to open from 9 to 5 daily. If the
number of visitors keep increasing we will have to consider the possibility
of ex-panding our facility.
DISPLAYS: Our museum remains
free to the public, although many guests give a small donation. Door
donations were 23% higher in 1998 than in 1997 (consistent with increased
visitors). New track lighting was added and minor repairs and updating
of the museum displays were made in the spring when the museum was
put back together after renovating the electrical wiring. A new addition
is a river otter, Lutra canadensis, pre-pared by Bear Brook Taxidermy.
The otter (in pristine con-dition) was found dead a few years ago in Dark
Harbour on the western side of the island. The otter still needs
a stand and case which hopefully will be built this winter. We also have
a new geology display of island rock specimens, photographs and drawings,
created by Dr. John Westgate, University of Toronto. The interpretation
of rock formations such as Seven Days Work has been received warmly by
our visitors. New in 1999 from a private donor is a new born harp seal
pup, Phoca groenlandica, found dead along the coast of Labrador 18 years
HOUSEHOLD REPAIRS: With proceeds
from our gift shop we were able to completely redo the walls and ceiling
of our kitchen, give the cupboards a fresh coat of paint and install a
new countertop. Other than the museum it is the most used room in
our modest house. This followed the removal of the kitchen and museum
ceilings to allow completion of electrical repairs to the upstairs of the
house. We also now have one room with heat where we can store specimens
and samples over the winter.
COMPUTER/PRINTING SYSTEM: In
our last newsletter we put a laser printer on our wish list. In August
we were delighted to receive one donated by Mary Lou Campbell (Toronto,
ON). In January funds from the Whale Conservation Fund let us purchase
a used photocopier to produce and publish most of our newsletters, pamphlets,
data sheets, etc. We will also be developing and printing educational
material about the conservation of whales in the Bay of Fundy.
Laurie Murison, M.Sc. manager of the museum and
gift shop, facilitator for public education outreach programs, repre-senting
the Research Station at Grand Manan Elderhostel programs, Whale Camps,
Whale Research Projects, Huntsman Marine Science Centre Grand Manan programs,
representative on the New Brunswick Community Action Partnership Program
committee, Canadian Coast Guard Atlantic Region-al Advisory Committee
for Oil Spills, participated in the workshop, "Protect-ing the Gulf of
Maine from Land-based activities: Issues, Priorities and Actions" held
in Saint John, NB in April, 1998, in a basic oil spill response training
course and a Shoreline Classification and Ass-essment Training course,
and prepared the Emergency Contingency Plan for Grand Manan. Laurie
has recently been appointed to the Atlantic Regional Ad-visory Council
for Oil Spills.
Dr. Andy Read, Ph.D. is an assistant professor
at the Duke University Marine Laboratory in Beaufort, NC, where he teaches
and conducts research on marine mammal ecology. Andy is active in
several international advisory groups, the National Marine Fisheries Service
Atlantic Offshore Cetaceans Take Reduction Team, the National Marine Fisheries
Service Harbor Porpoise Take Reduction Team, the Committee of Scientific
Advisors, Society of Marine Mammalogy, the New England Fishery Management
Council Harbor Porpoise Review Team, the IUCN Cetacean Specialist Group,
spokesperson for the National Marine Fisheries Service Atlantic Scientific
Review Group, and on the Scientific Committee of the International Whaling
Commission. Andy is a reviewer for a number of scientific journals and
is a member of a number of scientific organisations including a charter
member of the Society for Marine Mammalogy.
Andrew Westgate, M.Sc. continued to work
during the fall, winter and spring at the Duke University Marine Lab in
Beau-fort, NC. Andrew spent most of the year writing reports for
the 1998 season and proposals for funding for the 1999 season. Andrew
also worked on devel-oping new tag attachments. Andrew will be starting
a Ph.D. in the fall studying life history of Delphinus or common dolphins.
Heather Koopman, M.Sc. continued her Ph.D. dissertation
work at Duke University, Beaufort, NC, studying patterns of lipid deposition
and mobilisation in harbour porpoises and other small cetacean species.
Heather also coordinated the health assessment of harbour porpoises and
the Harbour Porpoise Release Program.
STUDENT: Tara Cox, Duke University, Beaufort, NC (see Pingers and
Ken Ingersoll continued his
role as liaison to Grand Manan fishermen, begun in 1982, and helping with
Rob Ronconi, U. of Alberta,
Harbour Porpoise Release Program.
Jeremy Rusin, Davidson College,
Michigan, assisted Tara Cox with her studies.
Sarah Wong, McGill University,
Montreal, QUE, Harbour Porpoise Release Program.
in ongoing GMWSRS harbour porpoise research:
Visiting harbour porpoise
Dr. Per Berggren, University
of Stockhom, Stockholm, Sweden.
Julia Carlström, University
of Stockholm, Stockholm, Sweden.
Bill McLellan, University of
North Carolina, Wilmington, NC.
Aleksija Nemanis, University
of Guelph Veterinary College. (see Stress Study)
Dr. Ann Pabst, University of
North Carolina, Wilmington, NC
Krystal Tolley, University of
Bergen, Bergen, Norway
Visiting right whale research
Dave Johnston, International
Marine Mammal Association, Guelph, ON along with Sheryl Fink, collaborated
in an investigation of underwater sound and harbour porpoise behav-iour.
Dr. David Lavigne, head of the International Marine Mammal Association,
visited in May. (see Mariculture and Porpoises)
Doug Nowacek and Mark Johnson
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute, Woods Hole, MA
Dr. Ken Eckstrom, MIT, Cambridge,
MA, recorded acoustics of right whales.
Dr. Jeff Goodyear and team tried
following right whales using acoustic tags but unfortunately few whales
were found. He continued his work in Cape Cod Bay working with humpback
whales. His research would attempt to characterize what right whales
hear to help with the problem of vessel collisions with whales.
Richard McLanaghan, International
Fund for Animal Welfare, coordinated an acoustic study of right whales
and ship noise while sailing aboard the "Song of the Whale". He was
assisted by Carole Carlson, Anna Moscrop, Nicolletta Biasoni, Steve Brown,
Russell Leaper, Heather Clyne, Dana Wright (intern), Arturo Serrano (intern),.
Their research may help explain the right whale/ship collision problem.
Kit Greenlaw, North Head,
Grand Manan, NB
Jennifer Sewell, Castalia,
Grand Manan, NB
Rick Rosenthal (Morgan Productions)
& Dave, BBC & National Geographic film crew
Mark (Tango Films), German
TV nature program
Dr. Doug Ricketts, Duluth,
Cathy Merriman, World Wildlife
Arnold & Anne Koopman,
The Neimanis Family (Ivea,
John, Pella), Hamilton, ON
Dr. Rodney & Joyce Faye
Cox, Troy AL
Melanie & Dan Fish, Austin,
Derek Haley, Guelph, ON
The Ronconi Family
Adams, A.M., E.P. Hoberg, D.F.
McAlpine & S.L. Clayden. 1998. Occurrence and morphological comparisons
of Campula oblonga (Digenea: Campulidae), including a report from
an atypical host, the thresher shark,
Alopias vulpinus. Journal
of Parasitology. 84(2):435-438.
Johnston, D.W. and Woodley.
T.H. 1998. A survey of acoustic harassment device (AHD) use in the Bay
of Fundy, NB, Canada. Aquatic Mammals 24(1):51-61.
Koopman, H.N. 1998. Topographical
distribution of the blubber of harbor porpoises (Phocoena phocoena).
Journal of Mammalogy 79:260-270.
Koopman, H. N., Westgate, A.
J., and Read, A. J. 1999. Hematology values of wild harbor porpoises
(Phocoena phocoena) from the Bay of Fundy, Canada. Marine Mammal
Science 15: 52-64.
Westgate, A.J. and A.J. Read.
1998. Applications of new technology to the conservation of porpoises.
Marine Technology Society Journal.
Westgate, A.J., A.J. Read, T.M.
Cox, T.D. Schofield, B.R. Whitaker and K.E. Anderson. 1998. Monitoring
a rehabilitated harbor porpoise using satellite telemetry. Marine Mammal
Westgate, A.J. and Tolley, K.A.
1999. Geographical differences in organochlorine contaminants in harbour
porpoises Phocoena phocoena from the western North Atlantic. Marine
Ecology Progress Series 177: 255-268.
Gaskin, D.E. 1998. Publications
by scientific staff and collaborators of the Whale & Seabird Research
Station, New Brunswick. Whale & Seabird Research Station Bulletin No.
2, 32 pp.
FUNDING FOR 1999:
Whale and Dolphin Conservation
Society (funds to run the Harbour Porpoise Release Program)
World Wildlife Fund Canada under
the Endangered Species Recovery Fund, co-sponsored by the Canadian Wildlife
Service of Environment Canada for Harbour Porpoise Habitat Utilisation
U.S. National Marine Fisheries
T.R. Meighen Foundation, St.
George Cedric Metcalf Charitable
Foundation, Toronto, ON
Human Resources Development
Canada for one summer student
Whale and Dolphin Conservation
World Wildlife Fund Canada (Endangered
Species Recovery Fund, co-sponsored by the Canadian Wildlife Service of
U.S. National Marine Fisheries
Human Resources Development
Canada for one summer student
Fundy Community Foundation
Most donations are not earmarked
and help us with general operations.
Porpoise Release Program Fund
Our longest running program,
it is largely financed by grants although we always appreciate donations.
Donations support programs
such as right whale identification, whale watch Code of Ethics, Right Whale
Recovery Plan contributions and the development and distribution of educational
material about whale conservation in the Bay of Fundy.
Bird Observatory Fund
A new fund to support bird
research including a banding project during spring and fall bird migration.
Gaskin Memorial Fund
An endowment fund to support
a scholarship/ internship program for students wishing to pursue an education
in marine biology.
Friends of the GMWSRS
If you wish to continue
or are not already a
Friend please fill in the form.
If you know someone who would like to be added to our list, please pass
this information along.
FRIENDS OF THE RESEARCH STATION
Dr. Shirley Alcoe, Fredericton,
James Bates, Grand Manan
SeaLand Adventures, Grand Manan, NB
Clifton Beck, Fredericton,
Ellen & John Belyea,
Saint John, NB
Lana Beneteau, Windsor,
Dr. Hugh Best, Manotick
Theodora Carroll, Squamish,
Raymond Cousins, Aurora,
Ann Chudleigh, Wakefield,
Brenda Dale, Sherwood Park,
Eva Dale, Calgary, AB
Dr.PierreYves Daoust, Charlottetown,
Ron & Nina Davies, Amherstburg,
Tracey Dean, Huntsman Marine
Science Centre, St. Andrews, NB
Mary Joan Edwards, Kingston,
Jamie & Holly Ellis,
Grand Manan, NB
Roxy Engle, Yellowknife,
James Gardiner, Scarborough,
Joan Green, Fredericton,
Deane Griffin, Grand Manan,
Bill & Pam Gudgeon,
Joan Guilfoyle, St. Paul,
Sarah Haney, Bolton, ON
Douglas Harrison, Toronto,
Diane Henderson, Toronto,
Frances Hodge, Westmount,
Linda M. Hutchings, Calgary,
Doug Jackson, Fredericton,
Jennifer Jamieson, Cambridge,
Charles Jefferson, Ottawa,
Arnold Koopman, Campbellville,
Andrea Lebowitz, North Vancouver,
Stephanie Lehman, West Montrose,
Rebecca & Lloyd McDermot,
Paul & Liz McDonnell,
Mary Morgan, Camden, ME
Pat Moule, Tillsonburg,
Terri Neal, Richmond Hill,
Dorothy Near, Mystic, QC
Dr. Ieva Neimanis, Hamilton,
Max Nimeck, North Brunswick,
Sally Plaskett, Scarborough,
Stephen Pond, Fredericton,
Peter & Janet Purvis,
Cherry Robinson, Glenburnie,
Gwenda Robinson, London,
Bill & Sandy Rogers,
Joe Rossi, North Bay, ON
Patsy & Dana Russell,
Island Coast Boat Tours, Grand Manan, NB
Nancy Sears, , Fundy Hiking
& Nature Tours, St. Martins, NB
Collette Slevinsky, Edmonton,
Basil Small, North Head,
Marcia Stephen, Orillia,
James Stokes-Rees, Mississauga,
Susan & Michael Turner,
John & Cora Westgate,
Daniel Webb, Midland, ON
Peter Wilcox, Sea Watch
Tours, Grand Manan, NB
Dennis H. Wood, Toronto,
Arthur & Irene Athey,
Jeanne Brown, Scarborough,
Patricia Cove, Perth-Andover,
Nicole Daigle, St-Louis-de-Kent,
Halton Dalzell, Fredericton,
K.G. Davis, Nepean, ON
Alma Jean Day, Bright's
John & Pat Dyke, Cambridge,
Keith Estabrooks, Frankford,
Kathleen M. Ferguson, Regina,
Catherine Fortin, Quebec,
George Gallant, Dollard
des Ormeaux, QUE
Debbie Garland, Saint John,
Sheila Gibb, Chatham, ON
Rolande Gough-Ellis, Belleville,
June & Philip Gurvich,
Eric & Jane Hadley,
Mount Hope, NB
Harold Hines, Fredericton,
John & Edith Lambert,
Kathleen MacNamara, Oakville,
Cathy Martin, Pointe Claire,
Mary Mason, Toronto, ON
John Morris, Mississauga,
Aurelie Nere, Repentigny,
Ruth Pearson, Driffield,
E. Yorkshire, UK
Dr.Yolande Prenoveau, Pierrefonds,
Ken & Lucy Redsell,
Dr.David E. Sergeant, Hudson
Hilda Shaffelburg, Scarborough,
Tom Sheppard, Sudbury, ON
Judi Shields, Barrie, ON
Heather Silliker, Salisbury,
Pat & Lloyd Strickland,
Daniel Taillon, Vaudreuil
Travel Learn , Amherst,
Gordon Trites, Truro, NS
Sheila Urquhart, Ottawa,
Kathleen Walker, Mississauga,
Stuart Warner, Willowdale,
Diana F.M. Watson, Kettleby,
Sharon E. Weames, London
Sharon Weaver, Halifax,
Anne Wentzel, Scarborough,
Brian Wiese, Shanty Bay,
Ed/Jess/Amy Wilford, Oakville,
Loretta & Allan Wilkins,
Rosemarie Zucker, Toronto,
Adventure High: copying/stuffing
the 1998 newsletter & donating half the postage.
Mary Lou Campbell:
Hole in the Wall Park:
Maureen Gaskin: Dr.
Gaskin's marine mammal library and her patience
Dr. John Westgate:
2006 | 2007 | 2008 )
Grand Manan Whale & Seabird Research Station Inc.
24 Route 776, Grand Manan, NB, Canada, E5G 1A1
© 2003 Grand Manan
Whale & Seabird Research Station Inc.
This page designed
by revised October 17th 2006