Whale & Seabird
News - Summer 2002
2006 | 2007 | 2008 )
Table of Contents:
OF MAINE VISIONARY AWARD
AND GIFT SHOP
OF MAINE VISIONARY AWARD
On December 5, 2001 we were
awarded a Gulf of Maine Visionary Award from the Gulf of Maine Council
on the Marine Environment (www.gulfofmaine.org). Visionary Awards
are presented annually to ten individuals or organizations, two from each
of the five jurisdictions bordering the Gulf of Maine (Nova Scotia, New
Brunswick, Maine, New Hampshire, and Massachusetts). “Visionaries” are
recognized for innovation, creativity and commit-ment to marine protection,
and making a difference to the health of the Gulf of Maine.
New Brunswick Environment
and Local Government Minister Kim Jardine said " The Grand Manan Whale
and Seabird Research Station has made an important contribution to our
ability to understand and thus protect marine mammals and seabirds living
in the Gulf of Maine waters. The station has assisted whale watch
operators to develop and adopt a code of ethics in order to protect the
marine mammals and seabirds they encounter during their activities. The
Station also provides visiting tourist and natural history groups with
information so they can better understand what they see in the waters around
Grand Manan, and has conducted a harbour porpoise release program to help
fishermen release harbour porpoises from their herring weirs. The
station also provides facilities for researchers to conduct their work
on whales and seabirds, and operate a natural history museum that includes
a large collection of skeletons of marine mammals."
The framed award will be
on display in our museum.
Weir Release News
The Harbour Porpoise Release
Program, HPRP, has been in operation since 1991 and works co-operatively
with local weir operators. Herring weirs are ingenious fish traps
usually fixed to the bottom and constructed of stakes and netting, positioned
to corral herring as they move along shorelines. Over 630 porpoises have
been released from weirs in the Bay of Fundy through this program since
1991, including the phenomenal year of 2001 when more porpoises were in
weirs than anyone could ever recall.
Summary of harbour porpoises
in weirs in 2001.
We recorded 317 porpoises
in weirs around Grand Manan, plus an additional pair in a weir on Campobello.
Of these 317, 51 swam out on their own and 244 were released by us and
5 were released by weir fishermen. Fourteen porpoises died while
we were attempting to seine them out, and the fates of the last three are
unknown. Our success rate was 94.6% and in a year with so many porpoises,
this is extremely successful.
These unprecedented entrapment
rates resulted in an extremely busy year; we seined a total of 102 times
from July 9 to September 21, and it was not unusual to seine 4-6 times
in a single day (the snorkelers began to feel as though they were living
in their drysuits!). The mammal (predator) seine was used frequently,
accounting for more than 2/3 of the seines we attended. Demand for
this seine was high, often with two or three weirs needing to use it on
a tide; we are helping the local fishermen's association in their efforts
to construct a second mammal seine for use next year to meet this need
and alleviate some of the congestion associated with the existing mammal
In 2001 we more than doubled
our previous live release record of 113 porpoises in 1993. Recent
release totals have been much lower: 13 in 2000, 48 in 1999, and 12 in
In addition to the porpoises,
four minke whales were released from Grand Manan weirs using the mammal
seine. Although there were many more porpoises in weirs this year,
the number of minke whales did not show any increase over previous years,
suggesting that the factors influencing weir entrapment may be different
for these two species.
Data collected from porpoises
Of the 244 porpoises we
released, data were gathered from 214 of them. We had almost twice
as many males (137) as we did females (77). We measured the standard
lengths (from tip of the rostrum ["nose"] to the notch in the flukes) on
122 males and 70 females. Porpoises of all sizes and ages swam into
weirs (adult males and females, juveniles and calves). We clipped
small, uniquely numbered plastic rototags (used on sheep and pigs) on the
dorsal fins of the 214 porpoises (red for females, yellow for males - we
change colours every year); these tags allow us to identify individuals
if they are later resighted. We released the other 30 individuals
(many of these were swept out, rather than seined) without recording genders,
sizes, or fitting them with rototags.
Although we have been putting
rototags on porpoises for the past 15 years, we usually don't see many
after they have been released. However we had 18 repeat visitors
in 2001 who were already fitted with rototags.
The majority of our repeat
visitors were tagged in 2001, but we did have five porpoises return from
previous years - one as far back as 1992! This animal was already
an adult in 1992 when we released him. The average lifespan of a
harbour porpoise is 10-15 years, and they become sexually mature at age
4. Thus our 1992 returnee would have been at least 13 years old in
2001, making him fairly old for a porpoise! Three of the rototagged
porpoises were caught more than twice, suggesting that the seining and
release experiences certainly do not deter all animals from swimming back
into another weir.
Health of the local porpoise
We collected blood samples
from 57 of the porpoises released as part of a long-term study aimed at
monitoring the health of the local porpoise population. These blood
samples are sent to the Saint John Regional Hospital for counts of red
and white blood cells, and to the Ontario Veterinary College in Guelph
for analysis of enzymes and chemistry. Preliminary analysis of the
blood indicates that porpoises around Grand Manan are generally in good
health. This year we did notice a few porpoises with small ulcerations
on their skin, and three animals with parasitic copepods (sea lice) on
Analysis of blood hormone
levels also allows us to determine whether females are pregnant. All eight
females that were large enough to be adults showed signs of being pregnant…not
surprising as we would expect most or all female porpoises in this population
to be simultaneously pregnant and nursing a calf each year.
We deployed satellite tags
on four male porpoises. When these porpoises are at the surface (i.e.
when they surface to breathe) the tags transmit information to orbiting
satellites. These data are then transmitted to a ground station and we
access the positions via computer downloads. These tags allow us
to remotely track the movements of porpoises for between six months and
a year, limited by battery life; larger batteries for longer tracks would
make the tags too big for porpoises. The porpoises fitted with electronic
tags are listed in the following table (we name each one). Pierre
has broken our previous record of 212 days of tracking (over 250 days and
counting); Owen has also broken the record. Both tags may continue
for several more months. Note: Pierre's transmitter stopped at 280 days,
Owen's at 265 days!
April 30, 2002
October 28, 2001
November 8, 2001
May 15, 2002
Follow the porpoises on
Those with Internet access
can track the movements of these porpoises via a website designed for public
schools by Wheelock College in Massachusetts. It is hoped that young
students will increase their interest in science if they can see real data
as scientists collect them. Wheelock College donates electronic tags
to us and to other researchers. In exchange, we provide them with
data we collect to be used on their web page, called Whalenet. You
can check out the travel paths of the porpoises listed above as well as
ones tagged in the past by going to this web address: whale.wheelock.edu/whalenet-stuff/stop_cover.html
An Unusual Release.
To our surprise, we added
a new species to the Release Program. The morning of September 6
found us rescuing a female ruby-throated hummingbird from the twine of
one of the weirs. Once we fed her sugar water and she warmed up in
the sun, she preened herself and then flew away with another humming-bird
that had ventured into our backyard.
Support for the Harbour
Porpoise Release Program.
The HPRP was funded by many
sources this year, and we would like to thank all of them for helping us
make it through the summer. Because of the high number of releases
in 2001, we faced considerable financial challenges, keeping up with both
the logistical costs of running the program and our seining costs.
We received initial support for the Release Program from the International
Fund for Animal Welfare, Whale and Dolphin Conservation Society, Connors
Brothers, and donations from individuals to the Research Station.
By the end of July, however, funds from these sources were completely exhausted.
Fortunately we were able to secure emergency funding from the International
Fund for Animal Welfare, as well as support from the United States Marine
Mammal Commission, the Humane Society of the United States, the New England
Aquarium and the Chicago Zoological Society. Funds and support provided
by these organizations and individuals were of critical importance to the
success of the Release Program, and we owe all a sincere thanks for their
Porpoise entrapments seem
to rise and fall in cycles; we suspect we are in a peak period and anticipate
another busy season in 2002. Events over the past months have made
this a difficult time for fundraising from environmental organizations
and our previous successful fund raising from these organizations may be
jeopardized. To generate sufficient funds to run the HPRP we therefore
encourage you to support the 2002 release program by checking the appropriate
box on the donation form with your donation and in return we will provide
a tax-deductible receipt.
We completed the distribution
of Porpoise Release manuals and flashcards to weir operators, community
groups and other interested parties in the Fundy area. These describe
our techniques for the safe release of harbour porpoises and will be helpful
if we are unable to assist in the release of porpoises in other areas of
the Bay of Fundy. They are also available as downloadable files from our
website. Funds for the development of this outreach material was
provided earlier by the Fundy Community Foundation in St. Andrews.
Given the amount of time
spent in the water in 2001, our snorkelers were grateful for the donation
by Abyss of a dry suit for use in the HPRP. We also purchased a second
suit and snorkeling gear. Dry suits allow our snorkelers to work
in more comfort than in wet suits.
Right Whale Notes
Disentanglement Efforts in
The year 2001 was a record for
right whales in many ways - more births (31) and more deaths (7) than any
other year in over 20 years of study. There was also a large research
effort in the Bay of Fundy from the New England Aquarium, Woods Hole Oceanographic
Institute, Oregon State University, U.S. National Marine Fisheries Service,
Dalhousie University, Department of National Defense (Canada), and East
As reported in the last newsletter
the best news was the birth of 31 right whale calves. This is the
largest number of births recorded since intensive study of this population
began in the early 1980s. Unfortunately 4 calves died, two the result
of ship strike while they were accompanying their mothers on their northward
migration and two where death could not be determined because the carcasses
were not recovered.
In 2001 right whales were again
here in early June and by mid June the first mother/calf pair was seen.
This was the first pair in the Bay since 1997 because of three poor calving
years. This first female was #1701 or Aphrodite. Of the 31
calves born, at least half spent some time in the Bay. Their actions
were entertaining and delightful to see with calves often associating with
other calves complete with rambunctious aerial behaviour. With the large
numbers of calves in the Bay at any one time, when females surfaced they
might be approached by several calves, associate with one or more and leave
with yet another - presumably theirs. It was sometimes difficult
to tell who belonged to whom. To promote a conservative approach
to watching right whales in 2001, we distributed information to whale watch
operators on how to watch right whales, especially mother/calf pairs, without
An unusual concentration of
right whales beginning in mid-August was found along the ferry route from
Bar Harbor, ME to Yarmouth, NS. This ferry, "The Cat", is a fast
catamaran ferry traveling at 30-40 knots or 55-75 kph. The ferry
attempted to avoid right whales, changing course whenever possible.
The concentration of right whales was still present when the ferry finished
its run for the year in early October. Fortunately no collisions
were reported; the ferry has had marine mammal observers on board since
it began its run a few years ago.
In October a dead male right
whale (#1238) was discovered on the Magdalene Islands. The animal
had been entangled in rope. A team conducted a necropsy or dissection
and the skeleton was collected by the Canadian Museum of Natural History.
A cause of death has not been reported.
During a routine flight in Early
December the Canadian Coast Guard Pollution Patrol spotted a dead whale
floating upside down 115 km off Nova Scotia in the offshore shipping route
from North America to Europe. Analysis of the photos revealed a dead
right whale, probably a female. Because of the distance from shore,
the carcass was not recovered and a cause of death could not be determined.
This brought the total dead right whales to seven for 2001.
Aerial surveys in October revealed
large numbers of right whales still in the Bay. In November, Laurie
was fortunate to spot a courtship group of six right whales just off Grand
Manan with two other individuals in the distance. Because some Grand
Manan lobster fishermen set traps where right whales may be present we
individually contacted fishermen to alert them of the continuing presence
of right whales. If lobster fishermen see right whales they usually
work another area until the whales move off to avoid tangling the whale
in gear. The last right whales were seen in the Bay of Fundy in December.
Shortly thereafter, right whales were also seen in their winter area off
Florida. Five mother/calf pairs from the past summer were spotted.
Most calves separate from their mothers sometime during the fall migration
but these calves obviously weren't ready to leave. Calving is less
than 2001 with 18 calves reported as of April, but above the average of
about 10-12 calves.
Six years of an opportunistic
data base of numbers, locations and photographs of marine mammal, seabird,
basking shark and other sightings collected annually by Laurie, while acting
as a whale watch naturalist with Grand Manan SeaLand Adven-tures,
have been entered into computer files by Eastern Charlotte Waterways. GIS
maps can be generated from these data which have a variety of uses.
Additional years will be added in the future.
Only one entangled right
whale was seen in the Bay of Fundy in 2001. The entanglement was
minor and no action was taken. However, we all followed the plight
of Churchill (#1102) who was found badly entangled in rope off Cape
Cod in early June. The disentanglement efforts of a team from the
United States and the whale's journey from Cape Cod to the Gulf of St.
Lawrence and back was well documented in the news media. Several
attempts were made to disentangle Churchill including using sedation but
none were fully successful. His travels were monitored by a satellite
buoy attached to trailing rope. Much of the time nothing could be
done because he was traveling offshore, beyond the safety limits of the
disentanglement team. By September he was extremely thin, a new satellite
transmitter was attached and monitoring continued. Two weeks later
(Sept. 16) the satellite transmissions ended. It is presumed he died
and because of his thin condition, sank. Another male right whale
(#2427) with a similar entanglement to Churchill was successfully disentangled
in the Gulf of Maine in late July. Some of the baleen plates remained
protruded from the mouth after disentanglement. This whale was seen
subsequently in a number of places including the eastern Bay of Fundy.
It is hoped the plates will return to a more normal position with time.
In February 2002 #1424, an adult male was seen in Florida waters with rope
through his mouth. The whale is being monitored and because the entanglement
is similar to Churchill, it is of great concern.
The GMWSRS continues to
serve on the Implementation Team of the Canadian Right Whale Recovery Plan.
Addressing issues around shipping and fishing and interactions with right
whales have been identified as priorities and two committees have been
formed. Dr. Moira Brown is spearheading the ship/right whale committee
and has been investigating a shift in the shipping lanes for the Port of
Saint John. The Marine Resource Centre in Cornwalis, NS is chairing
the fishing/right whale committee. To promote public education of
the best methods of watching right whales we have applied for funding to
produce information pamphlets and posters aimed at recreational boaters.
These would be produced this summer and fall. Included in the proposal
is an upgrade of our museum (see below) and an educational package for
We continued to work with
whale watch operators and attended meetings to form a Fundy-wide organization.
We also prepared guidelines for watching right whales and in particular
mothers and calves with the least disturbance. In late April we hosted
a social gathering of Grand Manan whale watch operators as a thank you
for their support for our conservation efforts and to celebrate our 20th
Rob Ronconi and Sarah Wong
received funding to conduct nesting seabird surveys of the Grand Manan
archipelago in 2001 from the New Brunswick Wildlife Trust Fund, New Brunswick
Environmental Trust Fund, TD Friends of the Environment Foundation, and
Canadian Council for Human Resources in the Environment Industry (CCHREI)
- Environmental Youth Corp.. Equipment support for the project was also
provided by ALERT, International Fund for Animal Welfare, Eastern Charlotte
Waterways, Halltech Environmental Outfitters, and Mountain Equipment Co-op.
Rob and Sarah braved the rather chilly weather and began their study on
April 17. The Maritimes greeted them with a late snow storm the next
day. With only electric space heaters in the Research Station they
looked forward to warmer weather. Despite the long hours in the field
they successfully prepared a garden plot and planted a well-received, bountiful
Rob, Sarah and their assistant
Lesley Thorne successfully surveyed most of the outer islands in the archipelago.
Standardized and repeatable survey techniques which can be used for future
surveys were developed. Rob and Sarah produced the fourth in our
GMWSRS bulletin series "Seabird Colonies of the Grand Manan Archipelago:
2001 Census Results and Guidelines for Surveys and Future Monitoring".
Other papers are also in preparation.
Some of their findings include
population estimates for black guillemots (n=1359) with 48% of these breeding
primarily on Kent Island, Outer Wood Island, Southwest Head and the Bishop.
Great black-backed and herring gull colonies were estimated at 602 and
11,809 breeding pairs respectively with Kent Island supporting the largest
population of herring gulls (n=5,926). Common eider nesting females
were estimated at 3,370 with Outer Wood, Great Duck and Kent Island having
the highest numbers. Four double-crested cormorant colonies were
identified on three islands for a total of 147 pairs. A single colony
of eight pairs of common terns persists on Sheep Island. Yellow Murre
ledge is the only breeding colony of common murres in the Bay of Fundy/Gulf
of Maine. It was estimated 424 common murres and 281 razorbills were
present on the ledge. To avoid disturbance, counts were done remotely
and actual nesting pairs could not be determined. The difficulty
of finding Leach's petrel burrows precluded cal-culating estimates of nests
but breeding was confirmed on three islands and suspected on two others.
Data estimates from Bowdoin College are 25,400 petrel pairs on Kent Island
for 2000-1. Black-crowned night heron and Great Blue heron colonies,
bald eagle, raven and Canada geese nests were also found.
& GIFT SHOP
VISITORS: Visitor numbers
topped 10,300, exceeding the record set in 1999 of 10,200.
We were open most days from June to Thanksgiving in October. Our
museum is well used by organizations such as Whale Camp, Elderhostel, the
Huntsman Marine Science Centre, and the Boys and Girls Club. Additionally,
Laurie is a regular June visitor to the community school kindergarten class.
The class also visits the museum as one of their final activities in June.
We received a lovely donation of seven children's sweaters for the gift
shop from Anne Koopman. They were hot items, quickly selling out.
Our sales reflected the increased number of visitors. The proceeds
allow us to keep the GMWSRS functioning. The success of our museum/gift
shop could not have been realized without the assistance of our two museum
attendants, Crystan and Lacresha. A grant from the Human Resources
Development Canada helped with salaries.
DISPLAYS: Our museum
remains free to the public, although many guests give a small donation.
Rob Ronconi and Sarah Wong prepared a poster of their studies of nesting
seabirds which was a great addition to our research section. They
also arranged for a number of seabirds to be taxidermied for our display.
We are looking forward to a major facelift of the museum in 2002.
To mark the millennium, to
increase our contribution to the young people of Bay of Fundy and to pay
tribute to the late Dr. Gaskin we now offer a paid summer internship. Preference
is given to (in the following order) residents of Grand Manan, Charlotte
County, Bay of Fundy, and Maritime provinces. Richie Morgan, our museum
attendant from 2000 was the second Gaskin Fellow. Rob Ronconi and
Sarah Wong made several presentations to the Grand Manan Community school
in the fall to promote the Gaskin Fellowship and interest young students
in our activities. Donations to the Dr. David Gaskin Memorial Fund
will be used to fund this position. Please mark the appropriate box
on the enclosed donation form if you wish to help us with this program.
PERSONNEL IN 2001
DIRECTORS: Ivan Green
, Heather Koopman, Laurie Murison
GENERAL MANAGER, EDUCATION
CO-ORDINATOR: Laurie Murison, M.Sc.
Dr. Andy Read Duke University Marine Laboratory in Beaufort, NC.
Dr. Heather Koopman, Woods
Hole Oceanographic Institute, Post-doctoral Scholar
Dr. Aleksija Neimanis
SENIOR RESEARCH BIOLOGISTS:
University, Beaufort, NC:
Tara Cox, M.Sc., Ph.D. student
Dave Johnston, M.Sc., Ph.D.
student, and on staff at the International Marine Mammal Association, Guelph,
Andrew Westgate, M.Sc. PhD.
Andy LoSchiavo, CEM Masters
student, Duke University
Rob Ronconi, B.Sc.
Sarah Wong, B.Sc.
Ken Ingersoll, Grand Manan
Jennifer Storey, Ottawa,
Lesley Thorne, University
of Guelph, Guelph, ON
Richie Morgan, Grand Manan
Crystan Webber, Grand Manan
Lacresha Fleet, Grand Manan
VOLUNTEERS (Grand Manan):
Gordon & Wiley Kempton,
Eleanor Linberg, Schenectady,
Sarah McDonald, Grand Manan
Marion Murison, Grand Manan
Wendie Schneider, Grand
Sue Stymests, Pickering,
Dr. Don Bowen, Bedford Institute
of Oceanography, Dartmouth, NS
Jennifer Graham & Brian
Hooker, Duke University, Durham, NC
Dr. Sara Iverson, Dalhousie
University, Halifax, NS
Dr. Johan Lindsjö,
Laura Minich & Catherine
Williams, Bowdoin College, ME
Dr. Doug Nowacek, Stephanie
Nowacek, Dee Allen, Susan Parks, Krill Carson, Alec Bocconcelli, Alex Loer,
Alex Shorter, Dr. Peter Tyack and family, Mark Johnson and others, Woods
Hole Oceanographic Institute, Woods Hole, MA, worked on right whale issues.
Katie Touhey, Cape Cod Stranding
Tonya Wimmer & Billy
Fraser, Cape Breton Stranding Network
FRIENDS & VISITORS:
Mark Grant, Charlotte, NC
Anne & Arnold Koopman,
Dr. Ieva & John Neimanis,
Lisa McLaughlin, Guelph,
Dr. Ken, Jan & Kate
Storey, Ottawa, ON
Dr. John & Cora Westgate,
Vicki Westgate, Alec, Madeleine
and Noah Ross, Toronto, ON
NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC FILM
Bill Curtsinger, his wife
and son Owen, Heather Perry, and Dianna, Yarmouth, ME; website: http://billcurtsingerphoto.com
FRIENDS - 2000
David Barbara, Rahway, NJ
Robert Gaddy, St. Louis,
Joan Guilfoyle, St. Paul,
Hal Hepler, East Lansing,
Judith Rock, Troy, ME
Eleanor Linberg, Schenectady,
FRIENDS FOR 2001
If you wish to continue
or are not already a Friend please fill in the form.
If you know someone who would like to be added to our list, please pass
this information along.
|Dr. Shirley Alcoe, Fredericton,
Sam Aronson, Gladwyne, PA
E. & Jack Batchelor,
Blue Mounds, WI
Dr. Hugh Best, Manotick,
Mary-Anne Bracewell, Guelph,
Mary Lou Campbell, Toronto,
Theodore Carroll, Squamish,
Peter Castelli, Gladwyne,
Justin Chen, King of Prussia,
Laura Chestnut, Merion Station,
Ann Chudleigh, Wakefield,
Ray Cousins, Aurora, ON
Pat Cove, Perth-Andover,
Marie Crawford, Etobicoke,
Helene Curry, Toronto, ON
Brenda Dale, Sherwood Park,
Eva Dale, Calgary, AB
Halton Dalzell, Fredericton,
Ron & Nina Davies, Amherstburg,
K.G. Davis, Nepean, ON
Tracey Dean, Bayside, NB
Ernest Donaldson, Belwood,
Fred Downing, Nepean, ON
Cathy Drury, Dollard-des-Ormeaux,
Samantha Eisenberg, Merion
B. Brian & A. Fischhoff,
Jacob Fogel, Narberth, PA
J.& Eleanor Gardiner,
P.A. Gavel, Toronto, ON
Sheila Gibbs, Chatham, ON
Rolande Gough-Ellis, Belleville,
Joan Green, Fredericton,
Bill & Pam Gudgeon,
Joan Guilfoyle, St. Paul,
Sam Guzzardi, Merion Station,
Diane Henderson, Toronto,
Judith Horner, Stratford,
Linda M. Hutchings, Calgary,
Doug Jackson, Fredericton,
Charles Jefferson, Ottawa,
Anne K. Jeffrey, Columbus,
Gary Jewell, Center Ossipee,
Donald and Edith Jones,
R. Keyes & C. McKenna,
Natalie Kitroeff, Haverford,
Barbara Kubiak, Franklinville,
Linda L'Aventure, Grand
Andrea Lebowitz, N. Vancouver,
Roger LeBlanc, Moncton,
H. & Marion Lehman,
Nancy Lennox, Rockwell,
Margaret Lile, Wynnewood,
Eleanor Linberg, Schenectady,
|Zachary Lobb, Narbeth, PA
Jean Loggie, Moncton, NB
Bill Lucas, Cambridge, ON
W. Macaulay, Toronto, ON
Ken MacIntosh, Blacks Harbour,
Kathleen MacNamara, Oakville,
Mary Mason, Toronto, ON
Laura Matey, Drexel Hill,
Dr. Rebecca McDermot, Ottawa,
Paul & Liz McDonnell,
Sandra McFarlane, Halifax,
Jonathon Milestone, Narbeth,
Pat Moule, Tillsonberg,
Kerstin Mueller, Mulgrave,
Mary M. Neal, Richmond Hill,
Mary T. Neal, Richmond Hill,
Dr. Ieva Neimanis, Hamilton,
Sally Plaskett, Scarborough,
Dr.Y. Prenoveau, Pierrefonds,
Robert Righter, Denver,
Lorna Ritchie, Grand Manan,
Gwenda Robinson, London,
Judith Rock, Troy, ME
Bill & Sandy Rogers,
Hilda Shaffelburg, Scarborough,
Tom Sheppard, Sudbury, ON
H. Silliker, Colpitts Settlement,
P. & Gretchen Simon,
Shirley Sloat, Fredericton,
Basil Small, Grand Manan,
Meredith Smith, Drexel Hill,
Marcia J. Stephen, Orillia,
Lloyd Strickland, Ottawa,
Sue Stymests, Pickering,
Jane Tarn, Fredericton,
Daniel Taillon & Marie
Cousineau, Vaudreuil Dorion, QC
Susan & Mike Turner,
Rohan van Twest, Guelph,
Rosalie Vigna & W. Nolan,
Edith Walbridge, Mystic,
Harry Walker, Miramichi,
Doreen Wallace, Fredericton,
Daniel & Mary Webb,
Edith Weber, Wyevale, ON
Dr. S. & Anne Weiss,
Anne Wentzel, Scarborough,
Alma and Don White, Moncton,
Brian Wiese, Shanty Bay,
Anne Wilford, Oakville,
Allan & Loretta Wilkins,
Jim Wolford, Wolfville,
Rosemarie Zucker, Toronto,
Dr. Maria Lynes
Support for Summer Student
Human Resources Development
Canada (one summer student)
Support For Porpoise
International Marine Mammal
International Whaling Commission
U.S. National Marine Fisheries
Service (to Dr. Read)
Harbour Porpoise Release
Program (HPRP) Support
Chicago Zoological Society
& Brookfield Zoo
The Humane Society of the
International Fund for Animal
Welfare (Canada & United States)
New England Aquarium
U.S. Marine Mammal Commission
Whale & Dolphin Conservation
Support For Seabird Nesting
Canadian Council for Human
Resources in the Environmental Industry
New Brunswick Environmental
New Brunswick Wildlife Trust
TD Friends of the Environment
CORPORATE DONATIONS IN
Abyss (dive dry suit)
Atlantic Mariculture (WCF
= Whale Conservation Fund)
Connors Brothers (HPRP)
Fundy Hiking and Nature
Grand Manan Divers and Adventures
Grand Manan SeaLand Adventures
Hole-in-the-Wall Park (WCF)
Maine Coast Sea Vegetables
Northern Plastics (WCF)
Sea Watch Tours (WCF)
IN KIND SUPPORT
ALERT (zodiac/motor use)
Eastern Charlotte Waterways
(GIS base maps and data entry)
Halltech Environmental Outfitters
Mountain Equipment Co-op
Zehrs Markets (gift certificates)
Scientific Papers, Book
- Cox, T.M., A.J. Read,
A. Solow, and N. Tregenza. 2001. Will porpoises (Phocoena phocoena)
habituate to pingers? Journal of Cetacean Research and Management.
- Lander, M.E., A.J. Westgate,
R.K. Bonde, M.J. Murray. 2001. Tagging and Tracking. In: CRC Handbook
of Marine Mammal Medicine 2nd. Ed. L.A Dierauf and F.M.D. Gulland, eds.
CRC Press. Boca Raton.
- Ronconi, R.A. and C. Cassady
St. Clair. In press. Management options to reduce boat disturbance on foraging
black guillemots (Cepphus grylle) in the Bay of Fundy. Biological Conservation.
- Scott, M.D. Scott, A.A.
Hohn, A.J. Westgate, J.R. Nicolas, B.R. Whitaker, W.B. Campbell. 2001.
A note on the release and tracking of a rehabiliatated pygmy sperm whale
(Kogia breviceps). Journal Cetacean Research Management 3(1):87-94.
- Read, A.J. 2001. Trends
in maternal investment of harbour porpoises are uncoupled from the dynamics
of their primary prey. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B 268:
- Heather Koopman. 2001.
The structure and function of the blubber of odontocetes. Duke University.
GMWSRS Bulletin Series
- Ronconi, R.A. and S.N.P.
Wong. 2002. Seabird Colonies of the Grand Manan Archipelago: 2001 Census
Results and Guidelines for Surveys and Future Monitoring. GMWSRS
Bulletin No. 4.
Learned Societies Presentations
- Cox, T.M. and A.J. Read.
Echolocation behavior of porpoises around acoustically enhanced gillnets.
SMM 14th Biennial Conference on the Biology of Marine Mammals, Vancouver,
BC, Nov. 28-Dec. 3, 2001.
- Johnston, D.J., G.Melvin,
A. Dayer and A.J. Read. Foraging behaviour of harbour porpoises in tidal
convergences in the Bay of Fundy, Canada. SMM 14th Biennial Conference
on the Biology of Marine Mammals, Vancouver, BC, Nov. 28-Dec. 3, 2001.
- Koopman H.N., S.J. Iverson,
D.A. Pabst, W.A. McLellan, R.M. Dill-aman, and A.J. Read. Regional variation
in the structure and function of the blubber of small cetaceans: All blubber
is not created equal. SMM 14th Biennial Conference on the Biology of Marine
Mammals, Vancouver, BC, Nov. 28-Dec. 3, 2001.
The Harbour Porpoise Release
Program (entering 12th year)
Dave Johnston's Ph.D. work defining
harbour porpoise habitat. New in 2002 photo-identification of finback and
minke whales using same area.
Harbour porpoise satellite tagging
program (8th year).
Continued health assessment
of porpoises and studies to reduce stress of porpoises during handling.
New study of brucellosis occurrence
Testing new mammal seine.
Collection of marine mammal
tissues for other researchers.
Disentanglement of large whales
and response to reports of dead marine mammals on or around Grand Manan.
Receipt of disentanglement first
responder kit (funded by Environment Canada Habitat Stewardship Program
and in partnership with East Coast Ecosystems).
Revamping museum displays (Erin
Vos, Coastal Environmental Management Masters Duke University)
Public education projects including
display boards at Grand Manan wharves, a recreational boater pamphlet to
foster proper whale watch techniques, and a marine mammal projects workbook
for environmental teachers.
Open as usual our marine natural
history museum and gift shop - June through early October.
Welcoming numerous visiting
scientists working on right whale projects in the Bay of Fundy.
2006 | 2007 | 2008 )
Grand Manan Whale & Seabird Research Station Inc.
24 Route 776, Grand Manan, NB, Canada, E5G 1A1
© 2003 Grand Manan
Whale & Seabird Research Station Inc.
This page designed
by revised October 17 2006