Whale & Seabird
News - Summer 2000
2006 | 2007 | 2008 )
Table of Contents:
PORPOISES: Weir Release News
The Weir Release Program
has been in operation since 1991 and works co-operatively with local weir
operators. Herring weirs are ingenious fish traps usually fixed to
the bottom and constructed of stakes and netting, positioned to corral
herring as they move along shorelines.
of harbour porpoises in weirs.
Seventy-six porpoises found
their way into Grand Manan weirs in 1999, the busiest year for us since
1993. Of these, many were able to swim out on their own and disappeared
from weirs within a few days. Of the 51 porpoises we tried to help
seine out, we released 48 successfully, making our success rate for this
year over 94%. All of these porpoises were released from only six
weirs. This high release total includes the sweep of a group of 12 porpoises
from a weir called the Iron Lady (now running only second to another
weir, Mystery, (14 in 1993) for the largest number of porpoises we have
observed in a weir at once).
In addition to being a busy
year, it was also an early year for us. We released 8 porpoises (plus
a white-sided dolphin; see below) in July, and tagged three of these
porpoises with satellite transmitters (see below for data from the tags).
We have never put an electronic tag on a porpoise in July prior to this
year. We then released another 38 porpoises in August and released
two in September.
New Species to Release.
We added a new species to
the weir release program: an Atlantic White-Sided dolphin released
from one of the weirs on July 27th. As far as we could tell this
was the first time anyone had seen a dolphin in a Grand Manan weir.
These animals are larger than harbour porpoises , and presented us with
quite a challenge, but with the help of both the seine and pumper crews
we "persuaded" the animal to leave. Dave, our diver, complained of
sore ribs for a long while and claimed that while he won the battle, the
dolphin definitely won the war!
We had two reappearances
by previously released porpoises: one young male was released on
August 2, and swam into a floating weir on August 20th (it swam out again
that night). Another female was released on August 28th, only to
reappear in another and was released again on August 30th. We were
able to re-identify these porpoises because small coloured, numbered plastic
tags (used on domestic farm animals) had been clipped to their dorsal fins.
If anyone should see a porpoise with one of these tags, please let us know!
collected from porpoises this year.
Of the 48 porpoises we released,
we collected sex and body size data for 31. We know that we released
at least 12 females and 19 males. There seemed to be more adult porpoises
in weirs in 1999 than in previous years as opposed to many more juvenile
porpoises (1-3 years old) in other years. Three of the females
had calves with them, and 8 of the males were likely adults (based on their
body sizes). The smallest porpoise we released was a female calf
that was 99 cm long. The largest animal was a 164 cm long female.
of the local porpoise population.
As part of a long-term study
monitoring the general health of this porpoise population, we collected
blood samples from 14 individuals. The different types of blood cells
are counted and levels of oxygen-carrying hemoglobin are measured and blood
chemistry analyses reveal enzyme activities, levels of different
salts, proteins, and hormones, etc. From these data we are building
a baseline picture of the blood values of the average wild porpoise.
Samples taken from over 100 porpoises since 1993 reveal that the porpoises
around Grand Manan are generally in good health, with little evidence of
infections or other diseases. We also routinely measure the length
and girth of each porpoise, and this gives us an indication of body condition,
or the amount of reserves (i.e. fat) that each individual carries around.
All porpoises, as in most years, appeared extremely robust, indicating
that they were in very good condition.
our methods for release.
We try to closely observe
the behaviour of porpoises during the release process so we can reduce
the stress they experience at these times. The porpoises we released
are recorded on videotape prior to and during the seine and while in the
boat. Later we go back and examine their behaviour and breathing rates.
We also record their heart rates (another indicator of stress) with a monitor
that is used by training athletes. This study is ongoing but already
we have been able to reduce the porpoises' stress levels by modifying the
way we interact with and handle the animals while they are in the boat.
We were able to put out
a record 7 tags in 1999 (our previous record was 5 in 1995).
When the porpoises are at the surface (i.e. when the porpoise breathes)
the tags transmit information to orbiting satellites. These data
are then transmitted to a ground station, and we are able to access the
animal's calculated positions via computer downloads. These tags
allow us to remotely track the movements of porpoises for up to a year.
We are unable to track the animals for longer periods because of limited
battery life: larger batteries for longer tracks would make the tags
too big for porpoises. Five of the tags allowed us to collect only
position data, but two of them also collected and transmitted information
about how deep the porpoise dives between surfacings. The porpoises
we put electronic tags on are listed in the table above (we name each one).
the porpoises on the Web.
Those of you with internet
access can track the movements of our tagged porpoises via Whalenet.
We received a grant from
Wheelock College (Massachusetts) (which also included donation of electronic
tags) to create an educational web page about harbour porpoises as part
of a larger web site called Whalenet. Whalenet is designed for science
classrooms; young students will become more interested in science if they
can see real data right in front of them. As the data are collected
about the tagged porpoises, it is posted on the web page.
Madeleine, who had the earliest
tag we have ever put out, proved to be an extremely unusual porpoise:
instead of spending the summer in the Bay of Fundy and then moving south
into the Gulf of Maine in the fall (like all the other porpoises we've
tagged), she decided to go north. As soon as she was released, she
swam all the way around Nova Scotia and into the Gulf of St. Lawrence.
She moved to the north shore of the Gulf and travelled back and forth near
Anticosti Island until the tag stopped transmitting. From hormone
analysis of a blood sample from Madeleine, we discovered that she was pregnant
as well as having a calf with her. Two of the males (Mitchell and Stanley)
also proved interesting when both left the Gulf of Maine and swam toward
the coast of New Jersey during the winter before their tags stopped transmitting.
One of our PhD. Students,
Tara Cox, spent the summer working with a local gillnetter.
He kindly allowed her to attach to his nets porpoise echolcation detectors
(devices that record porpoise sounds). From these data, she hopes to determine
how porpoises detect gillnets that are set on the bottom. By learning
more about porpoise acoustic behaviour, managers may be able to develop
better gillnets to reduce porpoise entanglement in them.
We are continuing the Harbour
Porpoise Release Program which is funded entirely through donations and
grants from several conservation organizations. We receive no federal
or provincial government support.
This spring (2000) we were able
to purchase a new 20' boat built by the LeBlanc Brothers in Nova Scotia,
through generous funding from the International Fund for Animal Welfare
and funds generated through our gift shop.
We have also received funding
this year from the Fundy Community Foundation in St. Andrews to develop
teaching materials for weir operators and community groups in the Fundy
area describing our techniques for the safe release of harbour porpoises.
This will be helpful if we are unable to assist in the release of porpoises
in other areas of the Bay of Fundy.
Our other porpoise projects,
including working with gill netters are continuing as well.
Data and photographs are
collected annually by Laurie while acting as a whale watch naturalist with
Grand Manan SeaLand Adventures. The trips also allow Laurie to maintain
an opportunistic data base of the numbers and locations of other
marine mammal, seabird, basking shark and other oddities.
Right Whale Notes:
Right whales in 1999 again began
arriving in early June (perhaps late May) and by mid June the numbers were
30-50 in the Bay each day. Close to 200 have been identified so far in
the Bay of Fundy. The last right whales were seen in early November.
In 1999 only four calves were
identified. By early March 2000 only one calf had been seen in Florida/Georgia
waters. Continuing the trend, the mother is not one that uses the
Bay of Fundy in the summer as a nursery but takes her calves elsewhere.
It will be the third summer without calves in the Bay. The calving interval
from 1980-1992 was 3.67 years between calves. From 1997-1999 that
interval increased to 5.3 years. No one seems to have a good answer why
the Bay of Fundy mothers are not having calves - one suggestion is a poor
food supply. The non-Bay of Fundy mothers seem to be reproducing successfully.
Porter (#1133), a male often
seen in the Bay of Fundy, was sighted in the fall in a fjord in Norway!!
He made the return journey to the western Atlantic sometime this winter
and was spotted in Cape Cod in late February, 2000.
The U.S. government has reduced
the potential biological removal level for right whales to zero from 0.4.
This means no right whales can be killed by human activities without negatively
affecting the population.
A three year old right whale
(#2701) was found dead on January 19, 2000 but due to weather conditions
the carcass was not recovered. It appeared to be entangled in lines and
was identified by the belly pigmentation.
In 1999 two right whales were
killed, one by collision with a large ship (# 1014 Staccato) and the other
due to injuries caused by entanglement in gill net gear (#2030).
An updated right whale catalogue
is now available from the New England Aquarium, Boston. Numbers are
limited and researchers are given preference.
In June, 1999, an information
meeting was held at the North Head Community Hall on Grand Manan.
Over 30 people from Nova Scotia, Deer Island, Grand Manan, Maine and Massachusetts
gathered to talk about disentanglement teams, the disentanglement equipment
cache funded by DFO and stored at Westport, NS, and the new Whale Emergency
Network (see below). A number of people came by boat from a similar meeting
in Nova Scotia and on the way fortuitously discovered an entangled right
whale #2753. They were able to successfully free the whale.
The rest of the summer became one of the busiest (See Table). Disentanglement
efforts were vigorous but the results sometimes less than successful.
Our personnel were on-call to assist with the efforts providing logistic
and on-site support for many of the disentanglement efforts. One
whale (#2030) died in October as the result of injuries caused by its entanglement.
The rope tightly wrapped around the whale's back and attached to its flippers
slowly sawed through its back and into its body cavity. They whale died
of these injuries.
The Whale Emergency Network
is an initiative of East Coast Ecosystems (based in Freeport, NS) to co-ordinate
reporting of entangled whales. To report a whale emergency in the
Bay of Fundy call CHANNEL 16 VHF or call 1-888-854 4440.
Entangled in the Bay of Fundy in 1999
& Where Seen
May 10, 1999 Cultivator
Shoals. Telemetry tracked till Sept. 24, 1999, 50 miles E. of Banegat,
Found dead off Cape
May, NJ Oct. 20, 1999. Rope had cut deeply into body cavity.
May 19, 1999 Great South
Channel to Sept. 27, 1999 Bay of Fundy
Most gear removed, apparently
RW # 2753
June 5, 1999 Bay of
Most gear removed
June 18, 1999 Bay of
July 21, 1999 Bay of
Fundy Sept. 19, to 1999 Bay of Fundy
Most (possibly all)
gear shed. Tagged (implanted VHF)
Aug. 27, 1999 Bay of
Aug. 30,1999 Bay of
Sept. 4, 1999 Bay of
Apparently light entanglement
Aug. 3, 1999 Bay of
one other right whale entanglement "Tug & Tow" May 12,1999 Great South
Channel. Fate unknown
A Recovery Plan for North
Atlantic right whales is finished and awaits approval. An Implementation
Team will then be announced to take action from recommendations in the
Recovery Plan. Our managing director, Laurie, was one of twelve on
the team, co-chaired by Fisheries and Oceans and World Wildlife Fund.
V Code of Ethics Meeting:
A meeting was held in Saint John in May for Bay of Fundy tour operators
to be updated on whale watch issues and resign the Code of Ethics for the
Bay of Fundy developed three years ago. It supplements the DFO whale
watch regulations which are currently under review. For a copy of
the Code, contact Laurie.
Another of our field assistants,
Sarah Wong, began a project to identify the diet of seals by collecting
and analyzing stomach and intestinal content of dead seals found washed
ashore. Scat (faecal material) samples were also collected at low tide
from seal haul out sites for future analysis.
Many were confused by the
presence in the Bay last summer of horned salps, a primitive cordate (animals
with backbones). Many thought they were strange chains of eggs or some
sort of sea jelly. At times so many salps accumulated in tide streaks
that the surface appeared gelatinous. It was at these times that
right whales were sometimes seen skim feeding though these streaks. The
horned salps are about the size of grapes, colonial in long paired chains
and usually found from Cape Cod southward.
The Bay of Fundy was abuzz
in late August with the discovery of at least two pods of orca whales (totalling
at least 20 whales). The whales were seen for only a few days on
both sides of the Bay before heading elsewhere. The last confirmed
sightings of orcas in the Bay was in the late 1980's. The pod closest
to Grand Manan consisted of a mother/calf pair, a mature male with a tall,
wavy dorsal fin and six females or immature males.
One of our field assistants,
Rob Ronconi, began a two part study of a black guillemot nesting colony
on the northern end of Grand Manan. He was studying 1. foraging strategy
and 2. reaction of the birds to boat traffic, by watching, through a surveying
theodolite positioned on a cliff above the colony. From this vantage
he could record foraging behaviour and reactions of the birds.
We were happy to assist in
drying out and releasing a mature bald eagle that was rescued from
the Bay of Fundy by a research vessel and transferred to us (the second
we have handled under similar circumstances). A black guillemot was
housed briefly in a large rabbit cage donated to us by M.L. Campbell (MLC
also graciously donated another rabbit cage, three dog kennels, and a cat
carrier). Unfortunately, despite our efforts the oiled bird succumbed
to hypothermia, an ever present danger to marine birds.
A successful fund raising
campaign by Brian Dalzell resulted in sufficient funding for both spring
and fall songbird migration monitoring (through capture and banding and
migrants) and the production of a newsletter. If you wish a copy of the
"Razorbill" Vol. 6, No. 1 which summarizes the activities of the FBO, please
contact Brian Dalzell, 62 Bancroft Point Road, Grand Manan, NB E5G 3C9
and he will send you a copy. Please include $3.00 to cover the cost
of the newsletter and postage. If you wish to give a donation directed
to the FBO activities please check the appropriate box on the remittance
form (Fundy Bird Observatory).
MUSEUM AND GIFT SHOP:
VISITORS: We broke
the 10,000 mark in 1999, slightly more than the 9857 visitors in 1998 (4%).
We were open most days from June to Thanksgiving in October. We were
able to increase sales by 15% over 1998. These figures could not
have been realized without the assistance of our two full time museum attendants,
Jennifer and Pat, who kept our doors open.
museum remains free to the public, although many guests give a small donation.
Door donations were 9% higher in 1999 than in 1998 (consistent with increased
visitors). Some small invertebrates were also added to the sealife
display, including the horned salps. The most significant addition
was a memorial to Dr. Gaskin (our late Executive Director) including items
such as a Discovery Tag (an implantable tag used to mark whales and designed
to be found by whalers processing dead whales), a giant squid beak and
sperm whale teeth from Dr. Gaskin's early work as an observer on Antarctic
whaling ships. We also have a copy of the Gaskin Medal in Marine
and Freshwater Biology on display. The medal and a $500 cash award is offered
annually to an outstanding undergraduate student in the Zoology Department,
University of Guelph; Cheryl Tinson was the first recipient. Those
interested in contributing to this award should send contributions, made
payable to the University of Guelph, to Dr. Paul Hebert c/o Department
of Zoology, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON, N1G 2W1.
THE RESEARCH STATION
After the death of our Executive
Director, Dr. David Gaskin, we decided to attempt to restructure the organization
and management of the Research Station. We now have a management team and
a board. The board consists of:
All Board members will serve
for three years except for the Management Team member which is one year.
We are looking for two people to fill the last two positions who are able
to attend at least one board meeting a year on Grand Manan. If interested
please contact us.
GMWSRS General Manager (Laurie
Local community member (Ivan
GMWSRS Management Team member
Fundraiser (with connections
to Canadian funding bases)
Outreach and Education
|Proposed Goals of the Research
A. Promote conservation of
the Bay of Fundy ecosystem.
B. Support initiatives elsewhere
that are consistent with the Research Stationís goals.
Conduct scientific research.
Facilitate scientific research
conducted by others.
Increase public awareness of
natural history, conservation issues, and scientific research.
Act as a scientific resource
for residents of Grand Manan and other coastal communities of the Bay of
Identify threats and provide
guidance on issues associated with the welfare of individual animals and
Undertake fundraising activities
to support and achieve research station goals.
To mark the millennium, to
increase our contribution to the young people of Bay of Fundy and to pay
tribute to the late Dr. Gaskin we now offer a paid summer internship. Preference
is given to (in the following order) residents of Grand Manan, Charlotte
County, Bay of Fundy, and maritime provinces. Based on his work at
the Research Station in 1999, Pat Miller, is our first Gaskin Fellow.
Donations to the Dr. David Gaskin Memorial Fund will be used to fund this
position. Please mark the appropriate box on the enclosed donation
form and send to The David Gaskin Memorial Fund.
DIRECTORS: Ivan Green,
Heather Koopman, Laurie Murison
FRIENDS OF THE RESEARCH STATION
GENERAL MANAGER, EDUCATION
Laurie Murison, M.Sc.
SENIOR SCIENTIST: Dr.
Andy Read, Ph.D. Duke University Marine Laboratory in Beaufort, NC.
SENIOR RESEARCH BIOLOGISTS:
Tara Cox, M.Sc.,
Ph.D. student Duke University, Beaufort, NC; Dave Johnston, M.Sc.,
Ph.D. student Duke University, Beaufort, NC, and on staff at the International
Marine Mammal Association, Guelph, ON; Heather Koopman, M.Sc., PhD.
student Duke University, Beaufort, NC; Aleksija Neimanis, M.Sc.,
Veterinary student, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON, Andrew Westgate,
M.Sc. PhD. student Duke University, Beaufort, NC
Dalzell, Grand Manan
Ken Ingersoll, Grand
Manan; Rob Ronconi, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB; Sarah
Wong, McGill University, Montreal, QC
MUSEUM ASSISTANTS (Grand
Patrick Miller, Jennifer
VOLUNTEERS (Grand Manan):
Gordon & Wiley Kempton,
Sarah McDonald, Marion Murison, Rose Roach
Baltimore National Aquarium,
Baltimore, MD: Dave Scofield
June 6, 1999: Canadian Whale Institute (Allan Calderwood), Center
for Coastal Studies (Ed Lyman, Stormy Mayo, Bob Bowman), East Coast
Ecosytems (Moira Brown, Carolyn Hogg, Todd Sollows, Deborah Tobin),
Memorial University (Jon Lien), New England Aquarium (Phil Hamilton)
International Fund for Animal
Welfare "Song of the Whale": Richard McLanaghan, Anna Moscrop, Steve
Brown and others, coordinated an acoustic study of right whales and
ship noise. Their research may help explain the right whale/ship collision
University of North Carolina,
Wilmington, NC: Bill McLellan, Dr. Ann Pabst, Vicki Stegall
Woods Hole Oceanographic
Institute, Woods Hole, MA: Doug Nowacek, Mark Johnson, Nicolletta
Biasoni, Dee Allen, Nicole, Alex, Jim and others, worked on right whale
issues and phytoplankton blooms.
FRIENDS & VISITORS:
Dr. Rodney & Joyce
Faye Cox, Troy AL, Derek Haley, Guelph, ON, The Neimanis
Family (Ieva, John, Astrida & friend Kim), Hamilton, ON, Katie
Touhey, Beaufort, NC, Donna Wong, Guelph, ON
Canadian Geographic, Duke
Marine Laboratory Photographers (Scott Taylor and Lenore), Duke
University Alumni Magazine (Monty and Del Bascal), National Geographic
(Bill Curtsinger and Heather), Rag Top Productions, Toronto (Alan
Gough, et al.)
Mrs. A Neimanis
If you wish to continue
or are not already a Friend please fill in the form. If you know someone
who would like to be added to our list, please pass this information along.
|Dr. Shirley Alcoe, Fredericton,
Percy & Annette Ballard,
St. Joseph, MI
David Barbara Rahway NJ
James Bates, G M Sealand
Adventures, Grand Manan NB
Clifton Beck, Fredericton,
J. Denys Bourque, Saint
Jineen Boyle, Lebanon, PA
Dr. Paul Cakuls, Hamilton,
Mary Lou Campbell, Toronto,
L. Hartsell Cash, Winston-Salem,
Ann Chudleigh, Wakefield,
Patricia Cove, Perth-Andover,
Brenda Dale, Sherwood Park,
Eva Dale, Calgary, AB
Halton Dalzell, Fredericton,
Dr. P. Y. Daoust, Charlottetown,
Ron & Nina Davies, Amherstburg,
K.G. Davis, Nepean, ON
Tracey Dean, Bayside, NB
Kenneth Edwards, Kingston,
Geo. Gallant, Dollard des
James Gardiner, Scarborough,
Debbie Garland, Saint John,
Rolande Gough-Ellis, Belleville,
Joan Green, Fredericton,
Bill & Pam Gudgeon,
Eric & Jane Hadley,
Mount Hope, NB
Sarah Haney, Bolton, ON
Eric Helston, Sutton, QC
Barbara Hinds, Halifax,
Judith Horner, Stratford,
Huntsman Marine Science
Centre, St. Andrews, NB
Linda M. Hutchings, Calgary,
Doug Jackson, Fredericton,
Charles Jefferson, Ottawa,
Gary Jewell, Center Ossipee,
Bill Jones, Fredericton,
|Arnold Koopman, Campbellville,
Andrea Lebowitz, North Vancouver,
Stephanie Lehman, West Montrose,
Kathleen MacNamara, Oakville,
Mary Mason, Toronto, ON
Don McAlpine, Saint John,
Allan McDonald, Whales -
n- Sails Adventures, Grand Manan, NB
Paul & Liz McDonnell,
Kristine Mika, East Hampton,
John Morris, Mississauga,
Paul Mortimer, Saint John,
Pat Moule, Tillsonburg,
Mary Neal, Richmond Hill,
Dr. Ieva Neimanis, Hamilton,
Sally Plaskett, Scarborough,
Dr.Yolande Prenoveau, Pierrefonds,
Peter & Janet Purvis,
Joan & Jack Read, Cobourg,
Judith Rock, Troy, ME
Bill & Sandy Rogers,
Joe Rossi & Dawn Valois,
North Bay, ON
Patsy & Dana Russell,
Island Coast Boat Tours, Grand Manan, NB
Tom Sheppard, Sudbury, ON
Basil Small, Grand Manan,
Marcia Stephen, Orillia,
Daniel Taillon, Vaudreuil
Jane Tarn, Fredericton,
Travel Learn, Amherst, NS
Diana F.M. Watson, Kettleby,
Daniel Webb, Midland, ON
Jorgen Weber, Wyevale, ON
Anne Wentzel, Scarborough,
Peter Wilcox, Sea
Watch Tours, Grand Manan, NB
Loretta & Allan Wilkins,
Jim Wolford, Wolfville,
Dennis H. Wood, Toronto,
Rosemarie Zucker, Toronto,
Scientific Papers, Book
Presentations to Learned
Murray, K.T., A.J. Read &
A. Solow. In Review. The use of time/area closures to reduce by-catches
of marine mammals: lessons from the Gulf of Maine sink gillnet fishery.
Journal of Cetacean Research & Management.
Allen, M.C., A.J. Read, J. Gaudet
& L.S. Sayigh. In Review. Fine-scale habitat selection of foraging
bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) near Clearwater, Florida. Marine
Ecology Progress Series.
Allen, M.C. & A.J. Read.
In Review. Vessel impact on habitat selection of foraging bottlenose dolphins
(Tursiops truncatus) near Clearwater, Florida. Marine Mammal Science.
Heppell, S.S., S.A. Heppell,
A.J. Read & L.B. Crowder. In Review. Effects of fishing on long-lived
marine organisms. In: E. Norse & L. Crowder (editors), Marine Conservation
Biology: The Science of Maintaining the Sea's Biodiversity.
Bowen, W.D., A.J. Read &
J.A. Estes. In Review. Feeding ecology. In: A.R. Hoelzel (editor), Marine
Mammal Biology: an Evolutionary Approach. Blackwell Press.
Evans, P.G.H., C. Lockyer &
A.J. Read. In Review. Harbour porpoise. In: S. Harris (editor), The New
Handbook of British Mammals. The Mammal Society, London, U.K.
Neimanis, A.S.; Read, A.J.;
Foster, R.A.; Gaskin, D.E. 2000 Seasonal regression in testicular size
and histology in harbour porpoises (Phocoena phocoena, L.) from the Bay
of Fundy and Gulf of Maine. Journal Of Zoology 250(2):221-229.
Read, A.J. & P.R. Wade.
2000. Status of marine mammals in the United States. Conservation Biology.
Connor, R., A. Read & R.
Wrangham. 2000. Male social bonds and reproductive strategies. In: J. Mann,
R. Connor, P. Tyack & H. Whitehead (editors), Cetacean Societies: Field
Studies of Dolphins and Whales. University of Chicago Press, Chicago. In
Connor, R., R. Wells, J. Mann
& A. Read. 2000. The bottlenose dolphin, Tursiops spp.: social relationships
in a fission-fusion society. In: J. Mann, R. Connor, P. Tyack & H.
Whitehead (editors), Cetacean Societies: Field Studies of Dolphins and
Whales. University of Chicago Press, Chicago. In Press.
Koopman, H. N., Westgate, A.
J., and Read, A. J. 1999. Hematology values of wild harbor porpoises
(Phocoena phocoena) from the Bay of Fundy, Canada. Marine Mammal Science
McAlpine, D.F., P.T. Stevick,
and L.D. Murison. 1999. Increase in extralimital occurrences of ice-breeding
seals in the gulf of Maine regions: more seals or fewer fish? Mar. Mamm.Sci.
McAlpine, D.F., P.T. Stevick,
L.D. Murison, S.D. Turnbull. 1999. Extralimital records of hooded
seals (Cystophora cristata) from the Gulf of Maine-Bay of Fundy. Northeastern
Read, A.J. 1999. Porpoises.
Worldlife Library. Colin Baxter Photography, Grantown-on-Spey, Scotland.
Read, A.J. Harbour porpoise
- Phocoena phocoena (Linnaeus, 1758). 1999. Pp 323-355 in: S.H. Ridgway
and R.J. Harrison (editors), Handbook of Marine Mammals, Volume 6. Academic
Press, New York.
Wilson, B., H. Arnold, G. Bearzi,
C.M. Fortuna, R. Gaspar, S. Ingram, C. Liret, S. Pribanic, A.J. Read, V.
Ridoux, K. Schneider, K.W. Urian, R.S. Wells, C. Wood, P.M. Thompson &
P.S. Hammond. 1999. Epidermal diseases in bottlenose dolphins: impacts
of oceanographic and anthropogenic factors. Proceedings of the Royal Society
of London: Biological Sciences 266: 1077-1083.
Cox, T.M, A.J. Read, A. Solow,
N. Tregenza. Porpoises habituate to pingers: Implications for management.
Thirteenth Biennial Conference on the Biology of Marine Mammals, 28 November
- 3 December, 1999, Hawaii, USA.
Johnston, D. The effect of acoustic
harassment devices on harbour porpoises (Phocoena phocoena) in the Bay
of Fundy, Canada. Thirteenth Biennial Conference on the Biology of Marine
Mammals, 28 November - 3 December, 1999, Hawaii, USA.
Koopman, H.N., S. Iverson, A.J.
Read. The influence of phylogeny, habitat and body size on the structure
of blubber in odontocetes. Thirteenth Biennial Conference on the
Biology of Marine Mammals, 28 November - 3 December, 1999, Hawaii, USA.
of the John G. Shedd Aquarium Award for best overall student presentation***.
Murison, L.D. Ecotourism and
marine wildlife. Education for Sustainability in New Brunswick (Atlantic
region workshop), University of Moncton, Moncton, NB. May 7-8, 1999.
Murison, L.D. Marine Mammal
issues in the Bay of Fundy. Panel discussion, Bay of Fundy environmental
issues. Canadian Network of Environmental Education and Communication EECOM,
St. Andrews, NB, Sept. 30-Oct. 2, 1999.
Westgate, A.J., Pabst, D.A.,
McLellan, W.A., Williams, T. M., Wells, R., Scott, M. An instrument to
record heat flux and surface temperature from free-swimming dolphins. Thirteenth
Biennial Conference on the Biology of Marine Mammals, 28 November - 3 December,
1999, Hawaii, USA.
Vincent, R. 1999. Species richness,
extirpations and introductions among the noctuid moths (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)
of New Brunswick's Fundy Coast. Department of Zoology, University of Guelph.
GRANTS RECEIVED IN 1999
Human Resources Development
Canada (one summer student)
International Fund for Animal
New Brunswick Job Action (for
U.S. National Marine Fisheries
Whale and Dolphin Conservation
Wheelock College (Whalenet)
World Wildlife Fund Canada (Endangered
Species Recovery Fund, co-sponsored by the Canadian Wildlife Service of
2006 | 2007 | 2008 )
Grand Manan Whale & Seabird Research Station Inc.
24 Route 776, Grand Manan, NB, Canada, E5G 1A1
© 2003 Grand Manan
Whale & Seabird Research Station Inc.
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by revised October 17th 2006