Whale & Seabird
News - Summer 2003
2006 | 2007 | 2008 )
Table of Contents:
|Weir Release News
The Harbour Porpoise Release
Program, HPRP, has been in operation since 1991 and works co-operatively
with local weir operators. Herring weirs are ingenious fish traps usually
fixed to the bottom and constructed of stakes and netting, positioned to
corral herring as they move along shorelines. Over 660 porpoises have been
released from weirs in the Bay of Fundy through this program since 1991,
including the phenomenal year of 2001 when more porpoises were in weirs
than anyone could ever recall.
Summary of Harbour Porpoises
in Weirs in 2002.
In 2002 we released 31 porpoises
from the weirs around Grand Manan, representing roughly 12% of the number
of animals we seined in 2001. There were a total of 53 porpoises recorded
in Grand Manan weirs, with the vast majority of these turning up in Flagg’s
Cove (between Swallowtail, Long Island and Castalia Bank). Of the 53, 15
swam out [or left when the twine was taken down], 31 were seined or swept
out alive, 3 died during seining, and the fates of 4 animals are unknown.
This gives us a seining success rate of 31/34, or just above 91%, for 2002.
Our overall average for the
past 11 years is about 94%, so we are close to that this year. Porpoises
swam into weirs all summer: we recorded entrapments from June 9th to the
end of September. As in most years, the majority of the entrapments (30)
occurred in August, with 5 in June, 7 in July, and 11 in September.
Data Collected From Porpoises.
Of the 31 animals released,
we were able to collect biological data from 30. Sixteen of the animals
were male, and 14 were female. We had five calves (born this May), 7 juveniles,
and 18 adults.
In 2002, the largest (163
cm female) and smallest (her calf: an 86 cm male) porpoises were both seined
out on July 2. The 30 animals we handled all had uniquely numbered plastic
tags attached to their dorsal fins before they were released. Tags for
males are placed high on the fin, and female tags are positioned at the
base of the fin. We were able to weigh 16 of the porpoises released: the
heaviest of these was a female that weighed 62 kg (136 lbs).
The three porpoises that
did not survive seining represented various age classes and consisted of
a male calf, a mature male and a juvenile female. Based on these animals,
and the porpoises that have died during release attempts in previous years,
it is fair to say that there is not a certain age class that is more vulnerable
to mortality during seining.
We use a heart rate monitor
(used by professional athletes) to measure heart rate as a way of learning
about physiology and the stress level of porpoises during seining. We use
length and girth to provide a general idea of the body condition (by this
we mean body fat) of the porpoises. It’s good to be fat if you’re a porpoise!
We collected blood samples
from 15 porpoise this year. These samples are used as part of a long-term
study monitoring the health of this population. Blood samples also allow
us to evaluate the health of each individual: red and white blood cell
counts are used to look at oxygen delivery and search for signs of infection
and disease, enzyme levels provide information about organ function, and
hormone levels can be used to assess stress and to determine pregnancy
and maturity status.
We also used blood samples
to begin a study on Brucellosis in porpoises. This bacterial infection
can cause serious reproductive problems in land mammals and it has only
recently been discovered in marine species. Preliminary results show that
porpoises in the Bay of Fundy are also exposed to Brucellosis.
Health information from Bay
of Fundy porpoises is also used by rehabilitation facilities in other parts
of the world as a guideline for normal blood values and body weights for
wild harbour porpoises. For example, the New England Aquarium has spent
the summer of 2002 rehabilitating a juvenile harbour porpoise that stranded
in Massachusetts in May 2002. Once this porpoise recovered and was deemed
healthy, it was released in the fall of 2002.
Last year was a record year
for the Harbour Porpoise Release Program, with a total of 310 porpoises
observed in Grand Manan weirs. Fifty-one of these animals swam out, and
a total of 244 porpoises were seined or swept out by us, with several more
released by fishermen late in the season. Our success rate, even with so
many animals, was still impressive: 94.6% of seined porpoises were released
alive. We seined for porpoises 102 times in 2001, sometimes 4 to 6 times
a day. Often there would be 3-6, or up to 12-13 porpoises in a weir at
once. It was impossible to identify any factors associated with entrapment
last year (tide phase, moon brightness, etc) because lots of porpoises
swam into weirs every night. None could recall a year like this, or remembered
hearing about one in the past. It certainly seemed to be a very unusual
Given the high numbers of
porpoise entrapments during the summer of 2001, we had no idea what to
expect for 2002. Our last big year for porpoises was 1993, in which 153
porpoise entrapments were recorded, and we released 113 animals. Entrapment
numbers for 1992 and 1994 were 72 and 77 respectively, so we thought that
porpoise entrapments might occur in cycles. If so, 2002 would again be
a busy year, with perhaps 150 porpoises (half of the 2001 total). Apparently,
porpoises are as hard to predict as the herring they feed on. This year
we saw 1/6th of the number of porpoises swim into Grand Manan weirs, and
handled only 34 individuals (a little over 1/8th the number we seined last
Surprisingly, after putting
on all those plastic rototags last year (214 of the 244 porpoises had rototags),
none of these animals swam into weirs this year. We did see some (like
the one shown here) swimming around in the wild, particularly around the
So what happened in 2001?
Last year there seemed to be an overall shift of porpoises inshore. Porpoise
entrapments are likely tightly associated with herring distribution. Porpoises
are small animals and must stay right on top of their food source. It may
be that porpoises target a specific size class of fish that was closer
to shore last summer. It is also entirely possible that some other factor
was responsible for last year’s high entrapment rates. The bottom line
is that we can’t predict what will happen each year, or exactly why porpoises
move around in the way that they do. Every year we learn a little bit more
Other Weir Visitors
In addition to porpoises,
there were a few larger visitors to Grand Manan weirs this year. We recorded
one minke whale in July, and four humpback entrapments (two of these may
have been the same whale visiting twice) in September. All of these whales
were released successfully. All four humpbacks (one is shown below) were
juveniles. Additionally two humpback whales were later entrapped in weirs
in Campobello Island, the last released the end of November!
Minke whales are infrequent,
but not uncommon to weirs - usually 2-3 each summer, for a total of at
least 26 over the past decade. Humpback whales don’t seem to swim into
weirs very often; prior to this year we were aware of only 8 such events.
Humpbacks (and fin whales) often came closer to Grand Manan shores at night
in past years, but for the last few summers they have not been seen very
close to land.
One would assume humpback
movements in the Bay are also linked to shifts in herring distribution,
but some other factor may have been responsible for the presence of humpbacks
in weirs this year.
The Mammal Seine
After the high demand for
the mammal seine last year, a second seine was constructed this winter
with funds from DFO through the Grand Manan Fishermen's Association (GMFA).
This new net is longer (250’) and deeper (65’) than the green one (210’
x 52’), and the mesh is slightly larger (8" mesh, rather than the 4" of
the green seine). So far this new black net has been used five times: three
times to seine out porpoises and also for sweeping out two humpbacks. These
large mesh seines are very effective ways to remove porpoises (and other
unwanted animals) from weirs without affecting the herring.
Use of these seines also
results in a significant reduction in porpoise mortality. All 3 porpoises
that died during seining this year did so in weir (herring) seines; we
had no 2002 mortality with the mammal seines. Over the past 10 years, 97.5%
of all porpoises seined with mammal seines were released alive. For weir
seines, this rate is only 81.6%. In all likelihood a combination of many
factors, including the high visibility of the twine, the presence of fewer
fish to confuse and disorient the porpoises, and the tendency of extra
twine to float at the surface rather than create bags and folds at depth,
results in a higher percentage of porpoises being released alive with the
Make the News!
We had a film crew from the
Discovery Channel visit for several days in August, filming a documentary
about the Release Program. The crew was able to get some great footage
of the release of a mother and calf from Cora Bell, and three porpoises
from Iron Lady.
This show aired as part of
a series on wildlife "Into the Wild" on Discovery Channel Canada in January/February
2003. An article about Bay of Fundy porpoises and herring is in the June
2003 issue of the National Geographic.
Harbour porpoises also made
the local news on the Digby, NS, shore. The Berwick Register ran a story
about two porpoises that swam into a weir in Morden, NS on August 24. David
Hamilton was able to release the animals without any trouble, saying that
the porpoises "were actually very cooperative". Apparently porpoise entrapments
are not common in the weirs around Digby, as these were the first Mr. Hamilton
had ever encountered.
Thanks to our Supporters
Each year the Harbour Porpoise
Release Program requires funds for boat gas, seining costs, boat and seining
equipment, and to provide room and board and travel costs for the release
staff. It would not be possible to run the Harbour Porpoise Release Program
without this generous support, and we acknowledge it gratefully. In 2002
we received support from Connors’ Brothers, Whale and Dolphin Conservation
Society U.K., the International Fund for Animal Welfare, and a grant from
The Government of Canada Habitat Stewardship Program for Species at Risk.
We also receive support from private individuals. The HSP money also allowed
us to develop a computer slide presentation for weir operators and others
- presented in 2002 on Campobello Island and to DFO St. Andrews. We were
also able to reprint the weir release manual developed by us in 2000.
Johnston, as part of his Ph.D., has been studying an area locally called
the Whistle or Long Eddy Rip, a turbulent, tidally upwelled area known
abundant marine species and feeding aggregations. We would also like to
congratulate Dave Johnston for being awarded the best student oral presentation
at the European Cetacean Society meeting in the Canary Islands, 9-13 March
2003. The following is taken from the abstract of Dave's presentation.
mammals and other upper trophic level predators often associate with fine-scale
tidally-induced oceanographic features, presumably because these features
facilitate foraging. Grand Manan, functions as a large physical obstruction
to the flow of strong tidal currents and produces a complex system of upwellings
and eddies at its northern tip during flood tides. During 1999 and 2000
Dave documented a significant increase in the abundance of harbour porpoises
and finback whales in the vicinity of this feature during flood tides.
In 2001 and 2002 he conducted oceanographic surveys to study the physical
processes that force this system. Using a combination of two types of oceanographic
observations, and RADARSAT remote sensing imagery, he confirmed that this
physical system functions as an island wake. During flood tides, water
flowing rapidly (over 2m/s) past the northwest side of the island separates
from the boundary layer at its northern tip. This predictable flow separation
produces a relatively large anti-cyclonic eddy, and associated smaller
eddies and upwellings, along a sharply delineated velocity front downstream
in the tidal flow. The large eddy forms adjacent to the island approximately
1 hour into the flood tide and then moves slowly offshore to be shed by
the system at high tide. The velocity front extends throughout the water
column and is approximately 8-10m wide, where currents change from a rapid
eastward flow (north of the separation) to a relatively quiescent northwest
flow south of the separation zone. He hypothesized that this predictable
island wake system physically aggregated zooplankton through a complex
pattern of secondary flow, which attracted large numbers of herring, mackerel
and other fish. The regular occurrence of this feature provides a predictable
aggregation of food for marine mammal and seabird predators.
an adjunct to Dave's work, last summer Lesley Thorne, one of his field
assistants, individually identified finback whales from photographs.
Right Whale Notes:
As in the previous two years
there was a large right whale research effort in the Bay of Fundy. To coordinate
research activities and monitor the effort on individual whales an annual
meeting was sponsored by DFO St. Andrews in early April 2002. A similar
meeting was held in March 2003 to plan for the upcoming season.
Research in 2002:
The New England Aquarium (photoidentification
of right whales, monitoring calves and other projects)
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
(suction cup data tags, studying the vocalizations in surface active groups
of whales and ultrasound measurements of blubber and video imaging of body
size) including researchers from University of North Carolina - Wilmington
U.S. National Marine Fisheries
Service (photogammetry - length and size of right whales from aerial photos)
Dalhousie University (feeding
and acoustical studies), Department of National Defense Canada (acoustical)
St. Andrews Biological Station
(Department of Fisheries and Oceans - aerosat observations of right whales
and whale watching vessels)
East Coast Ecosystems (distribution
and data collection from whale watch vessels).
Right whales were slower
to arrive in the Bay of Fundy in 2002 than the previous ten years, many
remaining off Cape Cod well into July feeding on dense patches of copepods.
Scattered sightings were seen throughout July but it wasn't until later
in August that large numbers of right whales came into the Bay. Most right
whales had departed by late October but a few were present at the opening
of Grand Manan lobster season November, seen close to the Swallowtail light
house on Grand Manan over several days. If lobster fishermen see right
whales they usually work another area until the whales move off to avoid
tangling the whale in gear. A probable sighting occurred the last week
of December between Grand Manan and Campobello Islands. For much of November
and December right whales were frequently seen over Jeffrey's Ledge in
the Gulf of Maine. It is a relatively short swim from there to the Bay
At least six calves of the
22 born accompanied their mothers into the Bay of Fundy. One of the mothers
became entangled at some point in the summer and was seen a couple of times
in the Gulf of St. Lawrence. By the time she came to the Bay she had miraculously
shed the ropes. There are many hazards for right whales and four of the
calves were discovered dead. Ship strike and entanglement in fishing gear
are the greatest hazards but congenital problems and predators may also
result in dead calves.
The 2002-2003 calving season
started with a right whale mother and calf spotted in early December; further
surveys suggested this might be another spectacular calving year. Unfortunately
the winter survey season was saddened by the tragic crash of one of the
survey planes on January 26. Four were killed in the crash: Jackie Ciano,
Emily Argo, Michael Newcomer, and the pilot, Tom Hinds. The cause of the
crash is still under investigation. Although further aerial coverage was
limited as a result of the crash, by March 2003, at least 18 calves had
At least eight entangled
right whales were observed in 2002, the worse on record and all potentially
life-threatening. Of the eight (see table), five were seen in the Bay of
Fundy and disentanglement efforts were undertaken with one success. Unfortunately
this yearling later washed ashore dead on Nantucket Island, NY, in October.
Difficult sea conditions with high breaking waves on shore prevented a
detailed dissection but examination of tissues indicated death was likely
from septicemia or infection from the entanglement. In February 2003 a
young right whale, #3120, first seen entangled in April of 2002 was spotted
in Florida waters in apparently better condition but still entangled. This
whale was in the Bay of Fundy in the summer of 2002 and numerous attempts
were made to disentangle her. Our researchers were involved in several
of these attempts. Two other right whales entangled in 2002 (#2320 or Piper
and #1424) have been found, still entangled, in Cape Cod Bay in March/April
2003. All whales are being monitored, including at least one other; disentangling
will be attempted when and where possible.
The GMWSRS continues to
serve on the Implementation Team of the Canadian Right Whale Recovery Plan.
Two committees have been formed to address priority issues of the interactions
with right whales, shipping and fishing. Dr. Moira Brown and the ship/right
whale committee were successful in rerouting the shipping lanes for the
Port of Saint John out of an area where right whales often occur. This
move may reduce the probability of ship strike by up to 80% in the area.
The new lanes are scheduled for use in July 1, 2003. Dr. Brown was awarded
a Gulf of Maine Visionary Award and a Canadian Environmental Award sponsored
by the Canadian Geographic for this work. The Marine Resource Centre in
Cornwallis, NS, is chairing the fishing/right whale committee to assess
and recommend changes to reduce entanglements of right whales in fishing
gear. Three fishermen tested neutrally buoyant and sinking rope in some
of their lobster trawls (series of traps attached to each other) this winter
which may help reduce entanglement of whales in lobster trawls. A display
booth at the Yarmouth, NS, Fishery Show in the winter provided information
about right whales to the fishermen attending. Stickers with the telephone
number needed to report entangled whales were handed out to those attending
the show and additionally to fishing groups around the Bay of Fundy.
Seven years of Laurie's
whale watch opportunistic data base of marine mammal, seabird, basking
shark and other sightings have been entered into computer files. Eastern
Charlotte Waterways generates GIS maps from these data which have a variety
of uses such as environmental assessments, and oil spill preparedness planning.
Basking shark data for 2002 were also made available to Dr. Steve Turnbull,
University of New Brunswick, Saint John. We also provided marine mammal
information to Dr. Rob Stephenson, DFO St. Andrews, who is tracking whale
watching effort on right whales and to the World Wildlife Fund. Some of
the seabird data, in particular the phalarope sightings, is being analyzed
in conjunction with Dr. John Chardine, Canadian Wildlife Service. Migrating
phalaropes were abundant in the Deer Island area in the early 1980s but
disappeared from that area. Dr. Chardine is looking at present phalarope
distributions in the Bay of Fundy and comparing these to the 1980s.
Right Whale Stewardship Funding
from the Government of Canada Habitat Stewardship Program for Species at
Risk allowed us to give digital copies of the North Atlantic right whale
catalogue to the Grand Manan whale watchers, local Visitor Information
Centre, Grand Manan Community School and the Grand Manan Fishermen's Association.
We also developed a number of outdoor panels with information about right
whales, whale watching, etc. to be placed at the North Head wharf, a package
of information to be given to recreational boaters, including a sighting
card that can be sent back to us, a right whale poster suitable for schools,
a right whale stewardship computer slide show, restructuring of our website
(http://gmwsrs.org) and development of a resource guide for teaching material
about right whales. Further funding from the New Brunswick Environmental
Trust and a generous donation from Northern Plastics helped with these
and three additional outdoor whale information panels for other wharves
on Grand Manan. We were also able to renovate our museum through this funding
Only two tern nesting colonies
remain in the Grand Manan archipelago, a large, protected colony on Machias
Seal Island, well known for its nesting puffins, and another sporadic colony
of small numbers of common terns on Sheep Island. Historically, terns nested
on many islands but the overwhelming number of large gulls nesting on every
offshore island has displaced nesting terns. It is the long-term goal of
the Fundy Bird Observatory, a project of the GMWSRS, to re-establish a
vibrant colony of terns which may in turn promote nesting of other seabird
species such as puffins. A preliminary study was begun in 2002 with financial
support from the New Brunswick Wildlife Trust Fund along with generous
donations from our "Friends of the Fundy Bird Observatory (FBO)" to try
to protect and encourage increased nesting of common terns on this island.
This project could also not have proceeded without the support of the owners
of Sheep Island, and the logistical support provided by Russell Ingalls.
Twenty-five tern decoys were provided by the Canadian Wildlife Service.
The FBO bird banding shed was moved to Sheep Island with the help of Russell
Ingalls, and refitted as a tiny camp.
Brian Dalzell spent much
of the spring and part of the summer on Sheep Island, discouraging gulls
from nesting primarily by making loud noises when the gulls were beginning
to nest; common terns nest almost a month later than the gulls. There was
limited success with 40% fewer herring gulls and 90% fewer greater black-backed
gull nests in 2002 compared with 2001. At least 17 common tern pairs nested
compared with eight the previous year.
With the encouraging results
of the project in 2002, we successfully applied for funding from both the
New Brunswick Wildlife Trust and the New Brunswick Environmental Trust
Fund for 2003 which will cover the salary of the wildlife technician, food
and miscellanies, purchase of additional tern decoys and a sound system
to play tern calls. The latter two have been used successfully to attract
terns to nest on other islands such as in the Gulf of Maine where nesting
colonies of terns were successfully re-established in conjunction with
puffin reintroductions. We do need to raise additional money to pay for
the purchase of a small, used travel trailer to replace the banding shed
which will be used for storage this year. Please check the appropriate
box on the donation form if you wish to support this project. Many of you
who have supported the FBO in the past will also be receiving a separate
request from Brian.
& GIFT SHOP
VISITORS: From 1996
the number of visitors climbed for two years but since 1998 has fluctuated
within 10% each year with the exception of 2000 when it was 15% lower than
the highest year. The number of visitors in 2002 was 9265. We were open
most days from June to Thanksgiving in October. Our museum is well used
by organizations such as Whale Camp, Elderhostel, the Huntsman Marine Science
Centre, and the Boys and Girls Club. Additionally, Laurie is a regular
June visitor to the community school kindergarten class. The class also
visits the museum as one of their final activities in June. Although our
numbers were down by 10% our sales only declined by 5.5%. Over the last
six years our sales have been steadily increasing and have caught up with
the increase in visitors. The proceeds allow us to keep the GMWSRS functioning.
The success of our museum/gift shop could not have been realized without
the assistance of our two museum attendants, Chelsey and Alisha. A grant
from the Human Resources Development Canada provided the salary for one
DISPLAYS: In June
2002 we finally started a major renovation of our museum in conjunction
with grants from the Government of Canada Habitat Stewardship Program for
Species at Risk, the New Brunswick government Environmental Trust Fund
and Northern Plastics. Erin Vos, a masters student from Duke University
working at GMWSRS on a Doris Duke Scholarship, worked in conjunction with
Laurie and others to redesign the museum layout Erin also coordinated the
changes for several months, from stripping wallpaper, endless painting,
designing preliminary posters and displays, transferring preserved specimens
from formalin to ethanol, cleaning displays, building walls, etc. We could
not have accomplished all of this without help from everyone at the GMWSRS
last summer including two students from England working on Masters projects
who pitched in. Laurie continued the work through the fall and winter and
is in the process of putting everything back for the upcoming summer. If
you visited last summer we apologize for any inconvenience caused by the
renovation work while the museum was open but hope that the results will
more than make up for these.
We have renamed our museum
The GASKIN MUSEUM OF MARINE LIFE in tribute to the late Dr. David Gaskin,
our former executive director and founder.
Spring Crabbe from Bristol,
NB was our third Gaskin Fellow. She had just finished her Bachelors degree
at the University of Toronto in human kinetics. Her parents have ties to
Grand Manan. A grant from the New Brunswick S.E.E.D. program (the first
year we have received this) paid for the internship in 2002. However it
is still important to contribute to the Dr. David Gaskin Memorial Fund
since we can not rely on receiving this grant annually. Please mark the
appropriate box on the enclosed donation form if you wish to help us with
this program. Richie Morgan, our Gaskin Fellow last year has pursued his
interest in video and is enrolled in community college in Woodstock, NB.
PERSONNEL IN 2002
|Fond Farewells and THANK
YOU to members of our Executive Committee who have moved on to other things
over the last year. Their hard work and efforts to make the GMWSRS a better
place are greatly appreciated!
Dr. Andy Read - who is now
concentrating his efforts on bottlenose dolphin research at Duke University
in North Carolina.
Dr. Tara Cox - who now works
for the U.S. Marine Mammal Commission in Washington, DC.
Dave Johnston - who is moving
to British Columbia to conduct comparative field work for his Ph.D. thesis
project, and plans to work on other marine ecology projects in BC.
Rob Ronconi - who is currently
working with environmental consulting companies in Alberta will begin a
Masters degree at the University of Victoria studying seabirds in the fall
Sarah Wong - who has started
a Masters degree (fall 2002) at the University of Calgary, and will be
studying black and white colobus monkeys or guerezas in Ghana this summer
Congratulations! We want
to congratulate Tara Cox on the recent successful defense of her Ph.D.
thesis "Evaluation of strategies to reduce bycatch of harbor porpoises
(Phocoena phocoena)" on March 28, 2003.
We also congratulate Dr.
Heather Koopman who has accepted a faculty position at the University of
North Carolina, Wilmington, NC, beginning January 2004, following a position
as a Post-Doctoral Investigator at Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution.
We would also like to thank
our French translators Vicky Violette and J. Denys Bourque for their great
work translating material for both Habitat Stewardship Projects in 2002.
Ivan Green, Heather Koopman, Laurie Murison
Dave Johnston, Ph.D.
student Duke University, Beaufort, NC
Kerry Irish, M.Sc. student at University of British Columbia
Dr. Heather Koopman, Woods
Hole Oceanographic Institution, Post-doctoral Investigator
Laurie Murison, M.Sc.
Dr. Aleksija Neimanis
Dr. Andy Read, Duke University
Marine Laboratory, Beaufort, NC
Rob Ronconi, B.Sc.
Andrew Westgate, PhD. student
Duke University, Beaufort, NC.
Sarah Wong, B.Sc.
Ari Friedlaender, Ph.D.
student at Duke University
Ken Ingersoll, Grand Manan
Katie Kuker, B.Sc. University
of Guelph, Guelph, ON
Lesley Thorne, B.Sc. student
at University of Guelph, Guelph, ON
GASKIN FELLOW: Spring
Crabbe, B.Sc. University of Toronto
Chelsey Beman, Grand Manan
Alisha Pond, Grand Manan
Greenlaw, Grand Manan
Gordon & Wiley Kempton,
Karen McDonald, Grand Manan
Sarah McDonald, Grand Manan
Wendie Schneider, Grand
"Pele" Neimanis, Hamilton, ON
MISC.: Wayne Miller,
Grand Manan (garden)
Marion Murison, Grand Manan
Josh McEown, Pickering, ON
Dr. Doug Nowacek, Dr. Peter
Tyack, Mark Johnson, Dee Allen, Emily Argo, Nico Biassoni, Alec Bocconcelli,
Alex Loer, Jim Partan, Amy Samuels, Alex Shorter, Danielle Waples, Monica
Zani, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA, worked on right
Dr. Ann Pabst, Bill McLellan,
and graduate students Michelle Barbieri, and Erin Meagher University of
North Carolina, Wilmington, NC
Andy LoSchiavo, Duke University
Rebecca Wilson and Helen Doonan,
M.Sc. students at Leeds University, Leeds, UK
FILM CREW: Emma
Reid and crew, Discovery Canada
Kim Emslie and David Loan (IFAW Canada)
FRIENDS & FAMILY:
Dr. Ieva, John & Aelita
Neimanis, Hamilton, ON
Kate Freeman, Beaufort,
The Vos family from Michigan
Barbara, Peter and Jacie
Kuker from Ontario
FRIENDS FOR 2002
If you wish to continue
or are not already a Friend please fill in the form.
If you know someone who would like to be added to our list, please pass
this information along.
Saint John, NB
Dr. Shirley Alcoe, Fredericton,
Fred & Leda Arensberg,
New York, NY
David Barbara, Rahway, NJ
Paula & Thomas Bartlett,
Helen Bass, Grand Manan,
Nina & Celestine Bohlen,
Newton Bowles, New York,
Gene Brewer, Grand Manan,
Margaret Bruhn, Gainesville,
Mary Lou Campbell, Grand
Teresa Carr, Lexington,
Lys Chisholm, Lachute, QC
Ann Chudleigh, Wakefield,
Alain Clavette, Taylor Village,
Maurilio Cocca, Toronto,
Ray & Mary Cousins,
Pat Cove, Perth-Andover,
Marie Crawford, Etobicoke,
Jim Cruikshank, Needham,
P. & L.J. Cunningham,
New York, NY
Allison Daggett, Grand Manan,
Brenda Dale, Sherwood Park,
Eva Dale, Calgary, AB
Halton Dalzell, Fredericton,
Dr. Pierre-Yves Daoust,
Pattilynn Davidson, Markham,
Ron & Nina Davies, Amherstburg,
Keith & Jennifer Davis,
Tracey Dean, Bayside, NB
Arline & W. Deitch,
Kate Desmond & Pete
Spain, Pleasantville, NY
Kay J. Doebener, Eastport,
Ernest Donaldson, Belwood,
Kenneth Edwards, Kingston,
Mary Joan Edwards, Kingston,
Bob & Roxy Engle, Yellowknife,
B. Brian & A. Fischhoff,
J.& Eleanor Gardiner,
Sheila Gibbs, Chatham, ON
Kathleen Gorman, Verdun,
Rolande Gough-Ellis, Belleville,
Richard Grant, Fredericton,
Joan Green, Fredericton,
Bill & Pam Gudgeon,
Joan Guilfoyle, St. Paul,
Sarah Haney, Bolton, ON
Hal Hepler, East Lansing,
Judith Horner, Stratford,
Linda M. Hutchings, Calgary,
Doug Jackson, Fredericton,
Charles Jefferson, Ottawa,
Anne K. Jeffrey, Columbus,
Paul Jones, Ottawa, ON
Frank D. Kittredge, Jr.
Arnold & Anne Koopman,
Barbara Kubiak, Franklinville,
Linda L'Aventure, Grand
H. & Marion Leaman,
Roger LeBlanc, Moncton,
N. Vancouver, BC
Stephanie Lehman, Bracebridge,
Eleanor Linberg, Schenectady,
Jean Loggie, Moncton, NB
Ken MacIntosh, Blacks Harbour,
Janet MacMillan, Moncton,
Kathleen MacNamara, Oakville,
Lana Mahaits, Windsor, ON
Mary Majka, Harvey on the
Joan Marshall, Hudson, QC
Mary Mason, Toronto, ON
Martha Maxfield, Holliston,
Don McAlpine, Grand Bay-Westfield,
Dr. Rebecca McDermot, Ottawa,
Paul & Liz McDonnell,
Sandra McFarlane, Halifax,
Dorothy McLaughlin, Toronto,
Donna McMillan, Port Dover,
Pat Moule, Tillsonberg,
Kerstin Mueller, Mulgrave,
Dr. Ieva Neimanis, Hamilton,
Barbara O'Connell, Pawtucket,
Margaret Pacey, Taymouth,
Stephen Pond, Fredericton,
Ann Posen, Toronto, ON
Dr. Y. Prenoveau, Pierrefonds,
Jan Purvis, Oakville, ON
Bob & Sally Richards,
Robert Righter, Denver,
Lorna Ritchie, Grand Manan,
Bill & Sandy Rogers,
David Romig, Rochester,
Dale Russell, Grand Manan,
Margery Schuler, Auburn,
Dave Sergeant, Hudson Heights,
Kathy Sessamen, Saint John,
Tom Sheppard, Sudbury, ON
H. Silliker, Colpitts Settlement,
Douglas Skinner, Ayr, ON
Basil Small, Grand Manan,
Alice Somers, Grand Manan,
Marcia J. Stephen, Orillia,
Lloyd Strickland, Ottawa,
David Sumner, Hamilton,
John Tanner, Riverview,
Jane Tarn, Fredericton,
Daniel Taillon & Marie
Cousineau, Vaudreuil Dorion, QC
Marke Terene, Toronto, ON
Mel & Sandy Turner,
St. Andrews, NB
Rohan van Twest, Guelph,
Harry Walker, Miramichi,
Doreen Wallace, Fredericton,
Edith Weber, Wyevale, ON
Alma and Don White, Moncton,
Brian Wiese, Shanty Bay,
Anne Wilford, Oakville,
Allan & Loretta Wilkins,
Dennis Wood, Toronto, ON
Diane Zierold, Lubec, ME
Rosemarie Zucker, Toronto,
Dr. Maria Lynes
And to our lost colleagues:
*Dr. David St. Aubin, Director
of Research, Mystic Aquarium
in Connecticut who died
unexpectedly in September 2002.
*Jackie Ciano, Emily Argo,
Michael Newcomer, and pilot Tom Hinds
who died during an aerial
survey January 26, 2003.
|GRANTS IN 2002
New Brunswick S.E.E.D. program
Harbour Porpoise Release
Government of Habitat
Stewardship Program for Species at Risk
Sheep Island Tern Restoration
International Fund for Animal
Whale & Dolphin ConservationSociety
New Brunswick Wildlife
Finback Whale Photo-identification
TD Friends of the
Right Whale Public Education
Government of Habitat
Stewardship Program for Species at Risk
Environmental Trust Fund
Your Environmental Trust Fund at Work
|CORPORATE DONATIONS IN
Atlantic Mariculture (WCF)
Connors Brothers (Harbour Porpoise
Grand Manan SeaLand Adventures
Hole-in-the-Wall Park (WCF)
Maine Coast Sea Vegetables
Nantucket Seafarms (Sheep Island
Northern Plastics (WCF &
Sheep Island terns)
Sea Watch Tours (WCF)
Whales-n-Sails Adventures (WCF)
WCF = Whale Conservation
IN KIND SUPPORT
Canadian Wildlife Service (loan
of tern decoys)
Eastern Charlotte Waterways
(GIS base maps and data entry)
Russell Ingalls (boat support
for the Sheep Island Tern restoration project)
Scientific Papers, Book
Koopman, H. N., D. A. Pabst;
W. A. Mclellan; R. M. Dillaman and A. J. Read. 2002. Changes in blubber
distribution and morphology associated with starvation in the harbor porpoise
(Phocoena phocoena): evidence for regional differences in blubber structure
and function. Physiological and Biochemical Zoology 75(5):498-512.
Ronconi, R.A. and C. Cassady
St. Clair. 2002. Management options to reduce boat disturbance on foraging
black guillemots (Cepphus grylle) in the Bay of Fundy. Biological Conservation
Koopman, N. H., Iverson, S.
J., and A.J. Read, In press. High concentrations of isovaleric acid in
the fats of odontocetes: Stability in the melon vs. variation and patterns
of accumulation in blubber. Journal of Comparative Physiology.
McLellan, W.A., Koopman, H.N.,
Rommel, S.A., Read, A.J., Potter, C.W., Nicolas, J.R., Westgate, A.J. and
Pabst, D.A. 2002. Ontogenetic allometry and body composition of harbour
porpoises (Phocoena phocoena L.) from the western North Atlantic. J. Zool.
Ronconi, R.A. and S.N.P. Wong.
In Press. Abundance Estimates and Changes in Seabird Numbers of the Grand
Manan Archipelago, New Brunswick, Canada. Waterbirds.
GMWSRS Bulletin Series
Tara Cox. 2003. Evaluation of
strategies to reduce bycatch of harbor porpoises (Phocoena phocoena). Duke
University Ph.D. thesis.
Learned Societies Presentations
Ronconi, R.A. and S.N.P. Wong.
2002. Seabird Colonies of the Grand Manan Archipelago: 2001 Census Results
and Guidelines for Surveys and Future Monitoring. GMWSRS Bulletin No. 4.
Murison, L.D. 2003. North Atlantic
Right Whale. Teachers Resource Guide. GMWSRS Bulletin No. 5.
Johnston, D.W. and A.J. Read
- Island in the Stream: Marine Mammals Forage in an Island Wake in the
Bay of Fundy, NB Canada. 17th Conference of the European Cetacean Society,
Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, 9-13 March 2003
Koopman, H.N., S. M. Budge,
D. R. Ketten , and S. J. Iverson - Sound Reception by Beaked Whales and
Porpoises: Implications of Variation in Lipid Composition of Jaw Fats.
17th Conference of the European Cetacean Society, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria,
9-13 March 2003
Westgate, A. J., D.A. Pabst,
W. A. McLellan, and E. M. Meagher - Measuring Heat Flux and Skin Temperature
from Spotted Dolphins in the Eastern Tropical Pacific. 17th Conference
of the European Cetacean Society, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, 9-13 March
The Harbour Porpoise Release
Program (entering 13th year) and continued testing of new mammal seine.
Harbour porpoise satellite tagging
program (9th year).
Continued porpoise health assessment
and Brucellosis exposure; studies to reduce stress in porpoises during
Collection of marine mammal
tissues for other researchers.
Disentanglement of large whales
and response to reports of dead marine mammals on or around Grand Manan.
Continuation of the FBO Sheep
Island Tern restoration project
Installing display boards at
Grand Manan wharves, distribution of both educational pamphlets to foster
proper whale watch techniques, and a marine mammal projects workbook for
environmental science teachers.
Open as usual of our renovated
marine natural history museum and gift shop - June through early October.
Welcoming visiting scientists
working on Grand Manan.
Continued involvement in conservation
issues including Right Whale Recovery, oil spill preparedness, etc.
We appreciate your support and
look forward to a continued friendship. Please fill out the donation form
and help us continue our programs.
2006 | 2007 | 2008 )
Grand Manan Whale &
Seabird Research Station Inc.
24 Route 776, Grand Manan,
NB, Canada, E5G 1A1
© 2004 Grand Manan Whale
& Seabird Research Station Inc.
This page designed by
revised October 17th 2006